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Argumentative Essay about Why Smoking Should be Banned. Extracts from this document. ?Page | ________________ Ban Smoking in Public Places Smoking is one of the a research paper, leading causes of grzanka dissertation, preventable deaths in the United States, and doing it in public is even worse because smokers not only harm themselves, but also those around them. I remember how my great uncle would always smoke in his house regardless of his surroundings. When his daughter visited him for a vacation, she brought her three year old daughter with her. Paper. The baby was healthy before coming to her grandpa's house, but in less than two weeks, she had developed ear infections and started to cough. When they went to like white conflict the doctors' office to view a research paper find out how she had gotten it, the doctor linked it back to the second hand smoke that she was breathing in. When my great uncle found out about it, he finally started to starting an essay a reference care about where he was smoking and who he was with, and decided that he would smoke in a secluded place where no one but him may be affected. . read more. Though many smokers already know of the health risks that come with smoking cigarettes, but what most of them do not, is how secondhand smoking can affect other people. ?Breathing in low doses of secondhand smoke can increase a person?s risk of heart attack? according to a study by a research paper Dr. Organizational. Meyers, a professor of Cardiology and Preventive Medicine at University of Kansas (Sciencedaily.com). Smokers should not risk non-smokers for view paper, something that they do.
In continuation of Dr. Meyers? study is that, ?secondhand smoking increases the write essay speech, likelihood of a heart attack by making the blood ?sticky?, making it more prone to clotting, and reducing the amount of good cholesterol in view a research paper, the body? (Sciencedaily.com). Non-smokers should not be worrying about paying more medical bills, especially in today?s economic situation. Many businesses provide health insurance to their employees. According to introduction blade runner a statistical data collected by Live Strong, employers spend an view, extra $49 million in medical costs for employees who are exposed to secondhand smoking in their jobs (Nelson). . read more. Smoking in public should be banned at a federal level without question. Smoking negatively affects people, the environment and businesses.
There are no logical reasons to allow smoking in public places and doing so does not benefit anyone but cigarette makers. Smokers should have secluded areas where they could smoke where no one may be harmed. Organizational Observation. The government should provide trash cans in these areas so smokers would not just throw their cigarette butts on view a research, the floor. Anyone caught smoking in public places and littering their cigarettes should be fined. Smoking endangers people who chose not to engage in the same reckless behavior, like my baby cousin who had gotten so sick because of my great uncle?s smoking. It also dirties our environment and harms other animals that are in search of food. Businesses who provide health insurance to their workers affected by essay second hand smoking are wasting money that could be used to hire more employees. Banning smoking in public may lead to a better way of life and a healthier place to a research live. . read more. This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Writing to Argue, Persuade and blade essay, Advise section. Start learning 29% faster today 150,000+ documents available Just £6.99 a month.
Join over 1.2 million students every month Accelerate your learning by view a research 29% Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month. Related GCSE Writing to Argue, Persuade and Advise essays. Patrick Dissertation. Should smoking be banned in public places? Putting a ban on smoking in public places would do great things for the economy and help businesses to view a research paper attract more people. Non-smokers would feel less threatened and write speech, not have to paper sit and worry about the odd smoke cloud hitting them in the face while enjoying a drink or a meal. Pip was a common working boy; he was used to his status and organizational essay, was happy. But after he met the cold and proud Estelle, at Satis house, he fell foolishly in love with her. He became ashamed of himself, ashamed of a research paper, his family and ashamed of his work.
Because of the effects smoking has on you and others should it be banned . They have not totally blocked out smokers but have catered for them in a way of putting benches and a heater outside every bar and restaurant, and they have proven that passive smoking has dropped dramatically. a case study on smoking and patrick, it's effects. Tobacco was so popular that as part of the war effort, tobacco was made a protected crop in America and cigarettes were included in soldiers rations. Tobacco companies sent millions of free cigarettes to troops. With soldiers being conscripted and paper, everyone having to do national service, a large majority of essay, young men smoked. View Paper. Another regard is having to go to view paper school for another long minimum of 8 years.
Most students get a 4-year bachelor's degree, and then go to a medical school for another 4 years to be a Medical Doctor. Doctor Green says, When you are young, your brain is like a sponge, and you can soak up lots of information. View A Research Paper. When you get older, your brain gets harder and a research, harder and a research paper, less like a sponge, which means it is much harder to learn and remember information. of student written work Annotated by. experienced teachers Ideas and feedback to. improve your own work. Organizational Essay. Marked by Teachers, The Student Room and Get Revising are all trading names of The Student Room Group Ltd. TurnItIn the anti-plagiarism experts are also used by: Want to read the rest?
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LEEWS (Law Essay Exam Writing/Preparation Science/System) changes the game! A proven effective (true) science of preparing for and executing the “A” essay exam, LEEWS is applicable to bar as well as law school exams. Unique, proven systems are put in place for (systematically!) identifying issues [No more haphazard spotting!], presenting analysis in concise paragraphs (roughly one per issue), briefing cases in 2-4 lines(!!), taking far fewer class notes, and compiling condensed, effective, 30-50 page course outlines. And much more. A law student learns—finally—to learn/think as a reasonable facsimile of a [practicing] lawyer.
I briefed, outlined my notes, reviewed the law, but still felt totally unprepared for upcoming exams. This program was exactly what I needed Ђ” the view a research tools to confidently tackle exams in a methodical way. — Jan Court, Univ Texas '00. Just knowing you have a plan Ђ” i.e., the steps Ђ” keeps you from worrying about panic. Ђ” Rob Goldbaum, U. Chicago '92. 3 Sample Law Essay Exams From the LEEWS Primer (with Model Responses) [And an example of LEEWS' effectiveness in practice.] 1 Actual Civil Procedure Exam With Model Response (written by a LEEWS grad) and Professor Comments. The entire grade (!!) in most law school courses will depend upon performance on a final exam, most if not all of which is essay in nature. (You are basically asked to identify and hills white elephants, analyze so-called issues generated in a hypothetical [made up] and usually complex fact pattern, much as a lawyer might.) Most exams are 3-4 hours in view paper length, and either closed or open book. The former means you bring nothing into the exam with you (save the code in a course based on a code of rules [e.g., IRS Code in taxation, Federal Rules of patrick, Civil Procedure in civil procedure]). Normally open book allows you to view bring in class notes, textbook, outlines, whatever, which tends to starting with a reference reassure students. However, open book is misleading, as there is typically little time to refer to view a research paper aids.
Open or closed book, the law you need to know should be in write essay your head. Some professors offer take home exams, which may have 8-24 hour time limits, and limits as to how much you can write or type. Grading is invariably anonymous to protect professors and paper, students alike. Unlike college and graduate school, class participation, acquaintance with the hills white conflict essay professor, even midsemester (as opposed to midyear) midterms generally have no bearing on law school grades. Ask professors themselves, or upperclass students about the grading policies and practices of individual professors.
There follow three examples of essay hypotheticals selected from among the eight in the appendix of the LEEWS Primer. Following are models of the LEEWS approach to breaking fact patterns down into view a research paper units corresponding to relevant issues [Planning Phase], as well as fully developed written responses corresponding to our format of concise paragraphs, roughly one per white conflict essay issue [Writing Phase]. The law needed to address each hypo is provided, as the subjects may as yet be unfamiliar to you. You may want to attempt a response before looking at paper, the models. Standard exam writing advice posits that you follow IRAC. I.e., identify the Issue, state the applicable Rule, Analyze, Conclude. Write Figures. (Sounds great, until you realize you don't know what an issue is, much less how to paper identify all issues lurking in the fact pattern; you don't know how to analyze as a lawyer; and you don't know how to present analysis concisely.) Whether you are familiar with the three subjects tested or no, all essay exercises are predictable in nature. A typically complex and confusing fact pattern is followed by question(s)/instruction(s) that in effect require you to starting an essay with identify or spot the legal issues that would be of interest to a judge or lawyer.
You must then resolve those issues, bringing to bear relevant law and the analytic dialectic between law and facts known as lawyerlike thinking. Should you find yourself thinking, as you review the model responses, I don't think I can ever do that, unless you have a knack for taking such exams (possessed by only a small handful of students -- 5-7%, even at Harvard), you are probably correct. Which is why so few law students manage even a single A on view final exams. But rest assured that anyone with reasonable intelligence and view, diligence can produce such responses consistently. Showing you how is what LEEWS is all about -- for any exam in any subject, no matter the question(s)/instruction(s) posed by the professor. Civil Procedure Hypothetical (60 min.)
Coris Becker, an occasional tennis player, fell while descending steps at the Only For Us Racquet Club in Long Island City, Queens County, New York. As she explained to her husband moments later by view a research paper phone: Not the most graceful move in the world, Morris. View A Research Paper. I got so mad, I smashed Mommy's new titanium Stroker. Be a dear and bring home din-din. I'm going to be in the hot tub for hours. As she limped out to her Lexus, Coris ran into the club owner, Jett Setter. He grinned and remarked, I saw that spill, Coris. Not the most graceful move in view paper the world. At which point Coris determined to patrick sue Setter personally, as well as the club. Although a resident of Queens County, Coris, joined by her mother, Doris, a resident of Manhattan, New York County, brought suit against Only For Us Racquet Club, Inc. (OFU, Inc.) and Jett Setter personally in New York County, seeking damages for Coris' injury and view a research paper, the destruction of the tennis racquet.
Thereupon followed, inter alia , the following events and essay, motions: 1 Ђ” OFU, Inc. and a research, Setter moved for a change of venue to write essay figures speech Queens County. 2 Ђ” Attempts to serve Setter personally at his club were twice unsuccessful, so a copy of the summons and complaint was affixed to the door of his home. View A Research Paper. Another was mailed to him. [So-called nail and mail service.] 3 Ђ” Although the complaint affixed to his door separated from the organizational summons and view paper, blew away, and patrick, the mailed copy never arrived, Setter, by his attorney, appeared in the action, answered the complaint, interposed affirmative defenses, and otherwise defended against the action. Only later during an appeal did he assert lack of personal jurisdiction as a defense. 4 Ђ” OFU, Inc. served notice of the deposition of a research paper, a person who, while standing in the next phone booth, had overheard Coris' conversation with her husband. Coris moved for a protective order forbidding disclosure of anything overheard as a privileged conversation. 5 Ђ” OFU, Inc. requested an admission from starting an essay Doris that Coris has a tendency to negligent behavior. Doris ignored it.
6 Ђ” Following a directed verdict during trial dismissing her cause of action for a research paper, destruction of the racquet, Doris immediately instituted a claim for damages on the same ground in small claims court, Manhattan. You are a law clerk to, where appropriate, both trial and patrick grzanka, appellate judges assigned to this case. Prepare a memorandum of law respecting the issues raised in the above. Majority state law applies. RELEVANT LEGAL PRINCIPLES FOR CIVIL PROCEDURE HYPO. (Such legal knowledge should be in view your head as well as your course outline.
Note: The law provided herein may or may not be currently accurate.) Discovery (scope of) Ђ” Generally, all information not otherwise privileged that is relevant to the subject matter of the action is discoverable, whether or not the material would be admissible as proof. Communications between spouses Ђ” A confidential communication between husband and wife is privileged against disclosure by either spouse or by a third person (e.g., an eavesdropper). Personal Jurisdiction Ђ” Generally, in an essay order to view paper determine the organizational rights and duties of parties to an action, and to bind the parties personally to paper its determinations, a court must have in personam jurisdiction over write speech, said parties. Said jurisdiction will be had, inter alia, where a defendant is present in the state where an action is brought, and personally served with process. View A Research Paper. Where personal service on a defendant cannot be effected through due diligence, a plaintiff is entitled to substitute such service by affixing a copy of the summons and complaint to the door or other conspicuous place at the defendant's last known address, and also mailing a copy of same by regular mail to write figures said address (so-called nail and mail). View Paper. A court has held that three attempts at in hand service at a defendant's place of business, without attempting to view a research paper serve the defendant at home or leave the summons and complaint with a person of suitable age and view, discretion at the place of business does not satisfy the view paper requirements of due diligence.
Waiver of paper, Ђ” Where a defendant appears, answers the complaint, interposes defenses, and at no time during or after trial moves to dismiss based on, nor claims lack of personal jurisdiction, the a reference defense will be deemed waived on appeal. Requests for admission Ђ” A request for admission imposes a duty on the party served to acknowledge the existence of facts that are not in view paper doubt and that should not be necessary to prove at blade, trial. The party served normally has 30 days to paper respond. Organizational Essay. Failure to timely respond results in view paper the matter being deemed admitted. Inter alia , it is permissible to request that a party admit to a legal conclusion (e.g., that an employee was acting with authority, or that the party was traveling against essay, traffic on a one-way street). However, it is paper not proper to request an admission to write essay figures an abstract statement of law (e.g., that allowing a minor without a license to drive is negligent, per se). Res Judicata Ђ” Doctrine that for reasons of paper, economy, prevention of speech, harassment, and avoidance of inconsistent judicial rulings (policy!), the relitigation of claims and issues is generally prohibited. Claim preclusion Ђ” Doctrine whereby a final judgment on the merits of a claim or cause of view paper, action precludes reassertion of that claim or cause of action in view a subsequent suit. Venue Ђ” Refers to the proper place for trial of a lawsuit. The purpose of venue rules is to prevent a plaintiff from forcing a defendant to trial where it would be burdensome for him to appear and defend (policy!).
Unless compelling reasons exist to direct otherwise, a transitory action (meaning that the transaction which is the subject of the action could have happened anywhere) should be tried in the county where the action arose. MODEL RESPONSE TO CIVIL PROCEDURE HYPOTHETICAL. (1/4 - 1/3 of allotted time divided into 10-15 minute intervals) Preliminary Overview Ђ” Six distinct events/motions. Perform Steps One, Two, and paper, Three (The Blender) on each is my initial perspective on how to proceed. [Always the Steps, always the Steps Ђ” a constant way of thinking.] Step One Ђ” [Conflict pairings and party objective(s) for each of the six events/motions.] The conflict pairings for all six are either Coris and/or Doris versus OFU, Inc. and/or Jett Setter. [The consistent overall objectives are to obtain damages on one side and to write essay figures speech avoid liability on the other. However, given that this is a civil procedure exam, the objectives that count for view, purposes of generating premises are intermediate in with nature. In the larger (intermediate) sense they are to keep the litigation going versus termination on a procedural ground. More immediate to a research paper the six events/motions:]
1 = Change venue to Queens County vs. keep it in Manhattan County. 2 = Establish personal jurisdiction vs. not. 3 = Have lack of personal jurisdiction defense ruled moot vs. exists and viable. 4 = Preclude disclosure of overheard conversation vs. have it ruled discoverable. 5 = Have fact admitted vs. not admitted. 6 = Have claim heard in small claims court vs. dismissed. [My view at this point is that each event/motion will generate no more than one or two premises, and write essay, will be relatively straightforward of analysis. Therefore, the time to be allotted each will be roughly the same. As it would interrupt continuity of train of thought and paper, be time wasting to continue applying the Steps to all six, from this point on I shall work on each question to completion before going on to the next .] Step Two Ђ” [Consider each pairing, party, and introduction frankenstein essay, objective. Cull facts (and course outline) for relevant premises.]
1 = Venue of transitory action is a research paper overriding , (i.e., governs the hills elephants conflict determination, no matter which party's perspective/objective is view a research paper considered. See definition of Step Two and view, footnote, page 104.) 2 = Nail and mail service vs. due diligence rule. [Complete analysis/discussion of No.2 (7-8 minutes??), then on to No.3; . View A Research Paper. . . No.4; . . Grzanka. . 5; . . . 6.] 3 = Rule re lack of personal jurisdiction and grounds for waiver thereof overrides. 4 = Rule re discovery of spousal communication overrides. 5 = Requests for admission, and failure to a research respond thereto overrides. 6 = Res judicata rules override. Step Three Ђ” [Consider each premise to note missing elements or real issues.] [Since there appear to be but one or two premises to be considered for each event/motion, and since I am working on each exclusive of the a research others, Step Three is unnecessary as an view, independent exercise. It is part and parcel of inspecting the law giving rise to the premise under consideration to determine whether it is dissertation necessary to state all of the law to begin the first paragraph of analysis, or whether one or more elements can be focused on as pivotal.] Preview of a logical sequence for discussion Ђ” No overlap of discussion apparent.
No reason apparent not to proceed in the chronology given. [When question(s)/instruction(s) offer a labeling format, you of course normally use it. The professor/bar grader will likely be looking for it (Here -- 1,2,3, etc. It seems unnecessary, time wasting, and probably confusing to mention conflict pairings here. However, I am thinking of and guided by view a research them.] Generally, unless compelling reasons exist to blade runner direct otherwise, a transitory action [flag relevant law with underlining or boldface] should be tried in the county where the action arose.
Transitory has been defined to mean that the transaction that is the subject of the action could have occurred anywhere. Coris' fall and the destruction of the racquet could have occurred anywhere. [Concludes statement of a research, relevant premise, i.e., controlling legal precept, that abruptly begins every paragraph.] Moreover, Coris, Only For Us, Inc. (OFU), and Jett Setter all reside in Queens County. The residence in New York County of Coris' mother, Doris, whose claim is essay minor, is the only apparent reason for trying the action in New York County. It is hardly compelling. [Concludes lawyerlike analysis -- application of law to view a research paper relevant facts.] Conclusion : The motion should be granted. [No hedging, as this seems open and write figures speech, shut.] So-called nail and mail service will satisfy the requirements of personal jurisdiction only where personal service on a defendant cannot be effected through due diligence. [Law.] It has been held that three attempts at in hand service at a defendant's place of business, without attempting to serve the defendant at home or leave the summons and complaint with a person of suitable age and discretion at the place of business does not satisfy the requirements of a research, due diligence. Essay. Plaintiffs made no attempt to serve defendant Setter personally other than twice unsuccessfully at a research, his place of business. [Analysis.] Conclusion: The attempted nail and mail service was likely [Hedging!] ineffective for lack of due diligence. Where a defendant who has not been properly served nevertheless appears in an action, answers the complaint, and interposes affirmative defenses, but never moves to dismiss for lack of personal jurisdiction, nor at any time claims lack of personal jurisdiction, the defense of lack of personal jurisdiction will be deemed waived upon organizational the taking of an appeal. [Law.] Setter, as concluded above, was never properly served. Nevertheless, he appeared, answered the complaint, defended in the action, and at view a research paper, no time prior to appeal claimed lack of personal jurisdiction. Arguably, raising the claim on appeal is after trial.
However, waived upon patrick the taking of an appeal clearly indicates that the a research paper time for raising the claim would be deemed tolled. [Analysis.] Conclusion : Setter's defense of lack of personal jurisdiction would be deemed waived on appeal. Generally, all information that is not privileged and is relevant to the subject matter of the action is discoverable, even if not admissible as proof. Confidential communications between husband and wife are privileged from disclosure by either spouse and by a third party (e.g., an eavesdropper). [Law.] Coris' statement that she had smashed the write essay speech racquet was relevant for its truth, as well as an indication of Coris' truthfulness. Confidential normally implies private or secret. [Add clarification, or law, where needed, and appropriate.] A conversation at a phone that was apparently near other phones would not seem confidential.
Moreover, given that Coris had not yet determined to sue, her statement in the context of remarks about dinner and a research paper, a hot tub seems merely casual. [Analysis.] Conclusion : The motion will fail. The conversation with the starting with husband was not confidential, and therefore not privileged. A request for an admission imposes a duty on view the party served to an essay with a reference acknowledge the a research existence of facts that are not in doubt and that should not be necessary to prove at trial. However, inter alia, it is not proper to request an admission to a research paper an abstract statement of law (e.g., that allowing a minor without a license to drive is negligent, per se). The statement in question seems manifestly a matter that is in some doubt, and that may be necessary to paper prove at trial. Moreover, in that negligence is a legal conclusion, the statement would appear to be an abstract statement of law. Conclusion : Doris' disregard of the request is of no consequence, as said request imposed no duty of acknowledgment. A final judgment on the merits of a claim or cause of action generally precludes reassertion of that claim or cause of action in a subsequent suit. Doris' action in small claims court is elephants grounded in paper the same facts (destroyed tennis racquet) and starting a reference, sets forth the view a research same cause of action as the one dismissed in the primary action herein.
A directed verdict during trial seems both a final judgment and a judgment on essay speech the merits. Conclusion : The action in small claims court would be dismissed as res judicata. Corporations Hypothetical (50 min.) The RIP Corporation, formed in 1998 by the Bottomline brothers, Ohmy, Padthe, and a research, Savethe, for the purpose (as duly set forth in its bylaws and essay figures, articles of incorporation) of manufacturing and retailing so-called landscape rape accessories for four wheel drive and other off-the-road vehicles, quickly prospered and went public. Between 1999, when 100,000 shares were first sold over the counter, and 2001 the total value of RIPCORP (as the view a research paper enterprise was affectionately known) shares, after two splits, rose tenfold to forty million dollars. Flush with their success and organizational essay, invincible in their avarice, the Bottomline brothers led RIPCORP in the aggressive pursuit of profit wherever it might be found. View Paper. The brothers held the chief executive positions in the corporation, as well as a majority of seats on starting an essay a reference the board of directors. They further owned thirty percent of the outstanding shares, by far the largest voting block.
Thus, acquiescence in their increasingly bold ventures was virtually assured. Matters began to view tangle when Meddle, a shareholder of record since purchasing 100 shares at the initial offering, took umbrage at introduction runner, RIPCORP's proposed acquisition of Southeast Asia ski resort options. In the fall of 2001 Meddle sought permission to inspect the RIPCORP minutes and view a research paper, other records relating to the ski resort venture. When she refused to accede to the demand of the paper Bottomline brothers that she first divulge her intentions regarding the inspection, the brothers issued a directive limiting access to the books and records to persons cleared by view paper them, and patrick, under no circumstances to view Meddle or her representative. Thereupon Meddle brought suit in her own right and on behalf of RIPCORP against the corporation and the Bottomline brothers personally to gain access to the books and records, to block the ski resort venture as an ultra vires act, and for a research paper, repayment by the RIPCORP board of directors of any expenses incurred in connection with the view paper pursuit of said venture. 1) RIPCORP moved to dismiss the action for, inter alia, lack of standing, failure to first make a demand on the board of directors, and failure to state a cause of action. 2) RIPCORP moved in the alternative that the court require Meddle to post $25,000 security for costs as a precondition to write essay figures continued maintenance of the suit.
3) Meanwhile, the view a research paper RIPCORP board passed a resolution providing for indemnification of the write essay speech directors in the event Meddle prevailed, and purchased insurance to provide for same. Meddle immediately moved to quash these actions. How should the court decide the motions under 1, 2, and a research paper, 3 above? RELEVANT LEGAL PRINCIPLES FOR CORPORATIONS HYPO. Ultra vires acts Ђ” Generally includes acts beyond the purpose or powers of the corporation, and sometimes includes acts within the purposes and powers of the frankenstein corporation, but performed in an unauthorized manner or without authority.
Many jurisdictions now restrict ultra vires challenges to the following: 1) the paper right of a shareholder to enjoin unauthorized corporate acts; 2) the right of the essay attorney general of the a research paper state to enjoin such activities; 3) the starting an essay right of the view paper corporation to recover damages from the officers and/or directors (present or former) responsible for the ultra vires act(s). Shareholder inspection rights Ђ” Generally, shareholders have a limited right, founded in blade common law and statute, to inspect corporate books and view a research paper, records which are relevant to a proper purpose. Courts will determine whether a purpose is proper. A shareholder may examine the stock book and minutes of stockholder meetings on starting demand if 1) he has been a stockholder of view paper, record for at least six months immediately preceding the demand; or 2) he is a holder of 5 percent of any class of outstanding shares. Shareholder rights of action Ђ” Generally, a shareholder may sue the corporation in a research paper his own name to view paper enforce his rights as a shareholder, and/or on behalf of the corporation to elephants essay procure a judgment in favor of the corporation.
The latter derivative action may be maintained only if 1) the plaintiff is a research a shareholder when the action is brought; 2) the plaintiff was a shareholder when the alleged wrong to the corporation occurred; and 3) the plaintiff shows in his complaint that he has demanded that the board of directors commence the action, or that there are sufficient reasons for not making the blade runner frankenstein essay demand (e.g., the board members are the defendants). Note that in a research order to minimize the possibility of derivative actions without merit being brought merely for nuisance value settlements or counsel fee awards, the corporation may require the organizational observation essay plaintiff to post security for costs, unless 1) the plaintiff or plaintiffs hold at least 5 percent of any class of outstanding shares; or 2) the value of their shares exceeds $50,000. Indemnification Ђ” Generally, a director or officer may not be indemnified (reimbursed) against a judgment obtained against him in a direct action by the corporation, or a derivative action on a research behalf of the corporation, or for amounts paid in settlement thereof. The director may, however, be indemnified against hills like white elephants, expenses of defending the action, unless, inter alia, he is adjudged to have violated his fiduciary duty of good faith and reasonable care in the circumstances. The corporation may purchase insurance to paper indemnify officers and directors for even the essay above judgments, providing no deliberate dishonesty or unlawful gain on the part of the officer/director is shown.
MODEL RESPONSE TO CORPORATIONS HYPOTHETICAL. Preliminary Overview Ђ” The three motions referred to by the view a research paper question are like three questions, each to be considered separately. [Note the enormous benefit here of skipping over the facts.] Step One Ђ” Conflict pairing(s) : [A quick review of the paper motions in conjunction with the sentence that precedes them reveals the single conflict pairing throughout.] RIPCORP, Inc. View Paper. v. Meddle, etc., or vice versa for grzanka, each motion (i.e., question). Objectives : [Somewhat confusing, as the view a research paper sentence immediately preceding the motions reflects three ultimate objectives of Meddle. However, the objectives relevant to a Step One analysis and the question are implied in the three motions. Note that motion #1 also provides Movant RIPCORP's premises (!!).
Whether the ultimate objectives will be achieved depends upon resolution of the motions.] 1) dismiss the action versus keep it going; 2) $25,000 security be required to be posted, versus not; 3) board indemnification resolution and purchase of insurance be quashed, versus maintenance of same. Step Two Ђ” [RIPCORP is movant for motions 1 and 2, Meddle for 3. The motions themselves, especially the first, point to overriding premises. In that a court may dismiss all or part of a suit, each premise must be considered in introduction blade frankenstein light of each of Meddle's objectives set forth in the preceding sentence . The facts in the first two paragraphs need only a research be considered for purposes of analysis.] 1) Lack of starting with, standing, failure to first make a demand on the board, and failure to a research paper state a cause of action respecting each of Meddle's three objectives = potentially nine discussions. but probably not. 2) [Must refer to relevant portions of corporations toolbox.] The law [Noted in toolbox only. An Essay With. Don't write it in your outline.] respecting requirement that a shareholder plaintiff in action against corporation post bond. 3) The law respecting indemnification and/or insurance of directors in such a suit. Step Three Ђ” [The motions seem more or less equivalent in weight.
Given the complexity of the relevant premises noted in Step Two, the view a research effort necessary for a Step Three analysis seems needlessly duplicative of the analysis to be performed in writing the actual response. Therefore, it seems advisable to skip Step Three and hills white conflict, go to a research paper the writing phase .] Preview of a logical sequence for discussion Ђ” No reason apparent for not proceeding chronologically. Lack of standing/failure to state a cause of action. Generally, a shareholder may sue the starting with a reference corporation in view paper her own name to enforce her rights as a shareholder, and/or on behalf of the corporation to procure a judgment in favor of the corporation. Inter alia, the latter derivative action can be maintained only if the plaintiff is a shareholder when the action is brought and when the alleged wrong to the corporation occurred.
Meddle (M) is view a research paper currently a shareholder, and has been since long before the a research paper ski resort venture. Generally, shareholders have a limited right, founded in common law and statute, to paper inspect corporate books and a research paper, records which are relevant to a proper purpose. Write Speech. Courts will determine whether a purpose is proper. A shareholder may examine the stock book and minutes of stockholder meetings on demand if she has been a stockholder of record for at least six months immediately preceding the demand; or she is view a research a holder of five percent of patrick grzanka dissertation, any class of view paper, outstanding shares. Organizational Observation Essay. M's 100 shares, presumably grown after 'two splits to paper 400, constitutes much less than five percent of any class of shares. However, she has been a stockholder of record since the initial offering, over blade runner, two years prior. So-called ultra vires acts Ђ” acts beyond the purposes or powers of the corporation, and sometimes acts within the purposes and powers of the corporation, but performed in an unauthorized manner or without authority may properly be challenged by shareholders. Moreover, the corporation may recover damages from the officers and/or directors (present and former) responsible for paper, the ultra vires act(s) . Given that RIPCORP's stated corporate purpose is to manufacture and retail accessories for off-road vehicles, the Southeast Asian ski venture (Venture) has the appearance of an ultra vires act for which damages may be sought. Failure to first make a demand on the board. Another requirement for patrick grzanka dissertation, maintaining a derivative action is that the plaintiff demand that the board commence the a research action, or there be sufficient reasons for not making such demand (e.g., the board members are the defendants). View Paper. The Bottomline brothers are named in M's suit and view paper, hold a majority of seats on the board, thereby satisfying the grzanka exception.
Conclusion : The motion should be denied, as all of RIPCORP's challenges lack merit. Corporations, in order to minimize the possibility of derivative actions without merit being brought merely for nuisance value settlements or counsel fee awards, may require a shareholder plaintiff to post security for costs , unless the plaintiff or plaintiffs hold at least five percent of any class of view, outstanding shares, or the value of their shares exceeds $50,000. A Research Paper. M's 100 shares constituted but 1/10th of one percent of the initial 100,000 share offering. Their value at a research paper, the time of the suit would have been 1/10th of one percent of forty million dollars, or approximately $40,000. However, M has been a shareholder since the very beginning of the corporation, and, as set forth, supra , a challenge to the Venture seems hardly without merit. White. [Yes, basic math may be necessary!] Conclusion : Although M falls $10,000 short of the $50,000 exception, the motion should probably be denied. Given that M's sharehold nearly satisfies the exception, and the policy justification underlying the security requirement seems utterly lacking, it is unlikely that a court would permit the corporation to impose this financial impediment. A Research. [Note the use of the policy underpinning as a basis for a counterargument.] Generally, a corporate director (or officer) may not be indemnified against a judgment obtained against him in a direct action by introduction runner the corporation or a derivative action, or for amounts paid in settlement thereof. The director may, however, be indemnified against expenses of defending the action, unless, inter alia, he is adjudged to have violated his fiduciary duty of good faith and reasonable care in the circumstances. The corporation may purchase insurance to indemnify officers and directors for even the a research above judgments, providing no deliberate dishonesty or unlawful gain on figures the part of the officer/director is shown.
[Given this much legal preamble, it seems appropriate to begin the analysis in a new paragraph.] M's action is in a research part derivative on behalf of RIPCORP, and a judgment obtained in this respect cannot be indemnified against. Organizational. The facts are unclear about a research whether the resolution indemnifies against expenses of defending against the action. Introduction Blade. Assuming, arguendo , that it does, the inherent improbability, indeed inherent folly of the Venture, coupled with its seeming obvious ultra vires aspect, strongly suggests a violation by paper the directors of their duty to exercise reasonable care, if not a violation of their duty to act in good faith. However, given that RIPCORP appears to have been engaged for some time in paper a pattern of divers schemes wholly unrelated to view a research its stated purpose, it is unlikely that a court would be willing to take judicial notice of such a conclusion so early in grzanka the proceedings. Nothing in the facts suggests deliberate dishonesty or unlawful gain on a research paper the part of any RIPCORP director/officer that would preclude the purchase of indemnification insurance. Conclusion : The motion should be granted as to any portion of the resolution that purports to indemnify against hills like white, judgments obtained on behalf of the corporation, denied as to paper portions that indemnify against judgments obtained by M, and denied with leave to renew at a later time with respect to all other portions. T properly executed a will in 1994, by the terms of which he distributed his entire estate in the following manner: First: I bequeath my racehorse, Swayback, to my friend, X. Second: I bequeath $100,000 to my brother, Y. Third: I give, devise, and bequeath the rest, residue, and remainder of my estate to my faithful companion, Z. In 1998, having fallen out with Z, T properly executed a new will with the following terms:
First: I bequeath $100,000 to my brother, Y. Second: I give, devise, and bequeath the rest, residue, and remainder of speech, my estate to my (new) faithful companion, B. In 1999, having reconciled with Z and spurned B, T properly executed a codicil to his 1994 will, by the terms of a research, which he increased the legacy to Y to $150,000; and in all other respects he ratified, confirmed, and blade essay, republished the 1994 will. T died in paper 2001. In a probate proceeding the evidence established the following: 1) Although sober when he made the codicil in organizational observation 1999, T was drunk out of view a research paper, his mind when he executed the organizational observation 1994 will. 2) T sold Swayback to a syndicate in 1997 for $200,000.
3) Inadvertently in 2000 T, falling asleep at his desk with cigarette in hand, set fire to some papers. One of the papers destroyed was the original copy of the 1999 codicil, which T had been reviewing. 4) Y died in 2000. 5) S, the son of a research, Y, was one of introduction blade runner essay, several witnesses to view T's execution of the 1994 will. Discuss the rights of the essay various parties in view a research terms of who takes what from T's estate. RELEVANT LEGAL PRINCIPLES FOR WILLS HYPOTHETICAL. Ademption Ђ” Occurs when a specific legacy (defined below) is not in paper existence or not in the possession of the testator when he dies (because, for example, it has been sold or given away). When an ademption occurs, the legatee takes nothing.
Death of a beneficiary Ђ” A disposition to a beneficiary who predeceases the testator ordinarily lapses (returns to a research the estate). By statute in many jurisdictions, however, dispositions to beneficiaries who are issue or siblings do not lapse, providing such beneficiaries have surviving issue. Such surviving issue will take the legacy in hills white elephants essay equal proportions per stirpes . Disposition of estate Ђ” Shall be in accordance with a decedent's last will and testament. Execution of a will Ђ” A properly executed will implies at least two witnesses thereto who do not stand to take under said will. Republication Ђ” A properly executed codicil to a revoked will operates as a republication of a will that is, in form, properly executed. This is so despite the fact that the a research will so republished may have been invalid for want of testamentary capacity at the time of making. Revocation Ђ” As a general rule, a subsequent will that is hills like white elephants entirely inconsistent with a prior will, or a later will that makes a complete disposition of the testator's property, shall be deemed to have revoked the prior will by implication. A will may further be revoked by means of its physical destruction. Such destruction, however, must be accompanied with the paper intent and for white conflict, the purpose of revoking the will. Specific legacy Ђ” A bequest of a particular, individualized chattel, differentiated from all other articles of the same or similar nature. A Research Paper. It must be taken by the legatee as and where he finds it.
Testamentary capacity Ђ” Absent evidence to the contrary, testamentary capacity will be presumed where the testator, in executing a will or other document, accurately recites the nature and like, extent of paper, his property, and recognizes the natural objects of his bounty. Witness as beneficiary Ђ” A witness to a will may take under that will, providing said will can be proved in probate without his assistance. MODEL RESPONSE TO WILLS HYPOTHETICAL. Preliminary Overview Ђ” The instruction points to parties who stand to take from T's estate. Each will be in opposition to anyone or anything that would prevent him from taking from T's estate. Step One Ђ” X, Y, Z, B, and A vs. Organizational Essay. anyone or thing (including each other, T, the state, or the a research paper estate) that stands between him and white elephants conflict, taking from T's estate. B v. View Paper. Z seems a key conflict. Step Two Ђ” [Each claimant must establish that the will or codicil upon which he bases his claim is valid and controlling. Write Essay. Each will likewise seek to defeat a competitor claim.
Legal precepts governing testamentary disposition set forth in my wills toolbox will come into play. However, it would be inefficient and confusing to try to sort them out at this point. Better to focus on one conflict at a time in the writing phase. Possibly there will be overlap of premises/discussion.] Step Three Ђ” [Having declined to set forth the premises of the various parties in paper Step Two, I may as well go straight to the response. My impression is that once the introduction runner frankenstein essay controlling rules are set forth, analysis will be relatively uncomplicated.] Ability of a per stirpes witness, S, to take may be an interesting discussion. Preview of view a research, a logical sequence of discussion Ђ” Resolving which instrument controls seems the conflict obvious first step. Therefore, beginning with B v. Z would seem to view a research paper make sense. B and Z's rights [This label conforms to the instruction.
B v. Z might confuse. But I'm thinking B v. Z!] As a general rule, a subsequent will that is entirely inconsistent with a prior will, or a later will that makes a complete disposition of the testator's property, shall be deemed to have revoked the prior willby implication. The 1998 will was inconsistent with the 1994 will and made a complete disposition of T's property, thereby revoking the 1994 will and Z's legacy. However, a properly executed codicil to a revoked will operates as a republication of a will that is, in form, properly executed. This is so despite the fact that the will so republished may have been invalid for want of testamentary capacity at the time of making. Organizational. The properly executed 1999 codicil republished the properly executed 1994 will, thereby restoring Z's legacy.
The fact that T was sober when making the codicil moots any effect of T having been drunk when making the 1994 will. There being no evidence to the contrary, the fact that T in executing the codicil accurately recited the nature and extent of view a research, his property and recognized the natural objects of an essay with, his bounty will establish his testamentary capacity in making the codicil. Although a will may be revoked by paper means of physical destruction , such destruction must be accomplished with the an essay a reference intent and for the purpose of revoking the will. View A Research. The circumstance that the original copy of the codicil was destroyed inadvertently in 2000 is thus of no avail to B. Conclusion : The 1998 will is revoked, and B takes nothing. Z takes the rest, residue, and remainder of T's estate under the 1999 codicil that revived the 1994 will. An ademption occurs when a specific legacy (i.e., a bequest of a particular, individualized chattel, differentiated from all other articles of the same or similar nature) is write essay figures speech not in existence or not in the possession of the testator when he dies. When an view, ademption occurs, the legatee takes nothing. The racehorse, Swayback, appears to be such a particular, individualized chattel. In that Swayback was sold prior to T's death, the republication of the essay 1994 will is view a research paper of no avail to X. Conclusion : X takes nothing from T's estate, as his legacy has adeemed.
A disposition to a beneficiary who predeceases the hills like white testator ordinarily lapses. By statute in many jurisdictions, however, dispositions to beneficiaries who are issue or siblings do not lapse, providing such beneficiaries have surviving issue. Such surviving issue will take the legacy in equal proportions per a research paper stirpes . Therefore, although Y predeceased T, Y's son, S, would take the starting with $150,000, providing he is not disqualified by having witnessed the now republished 1994 will. A witness to a will may take under that will, providing said will can be proved in probate without his assistance. A Research. A properly executed will implies at patrick grzanka, least two witnesses thereto who do not stand to take under said will. View Paper. S was one of several witnesses to the 1994 will, implying that more than two persons witnessed the will. Therefore, presumably two other witnesses exist to prove the will in probate. NB: Arguably S should be permitted to take under the 1994 will per stirpes, even were he one of only two witnesses to starting the will. The rationale for not allowing a witness necessary to probate to take under the will being probated is presumably the conflict of interest posed. The reliability of a witness with a vested interest in having the a research will probated is compromised.
Y, however, not S stood to take under the 1994 will. Had there been any consideration of Y predeceasing T, and therefore S taking, S probably would not have been asked to witness the will. However, it could also be contended that that was then, and now S does have a compromising vested interest. [This latter paragraph is not necessary. However, it demonstrates the kind of interest and like white conflict essay, thoughtfulness that may catch a professor's attention and garner an A. Possibly it should be highlighted in some way, perhaps with a red star.
I might even decide to put it on the blank page left at the beginning. (See p.75.)] Conclusion : Y, having predeceased T, will take nothing. However, Y's intended legacy will go to the son, S, per stirpes . S's having witnessed the will under which he takes should not disqualify him, providing two others of the several witnesses to the will exist to prove it in probate. Actual Civil Procedure I Exam, Fall 2006, U. Memphis School of view a research, Law (with Model A+ Response and Professor Comments) [The example that follows is an actual exam and a research paper, model response sent to us by one Richard Townley, Sr., U. A Research. Memphis class of 2009E (evening division). The exam was given jointly to two first year classes by their professors.
Richard ordered the like white elephants conflict essay audio CD version of LEEWS. His is the a research verbatim model response offered to students — with professor comments! — as what was wanted. His response received the highest grade, one of only two A+ grades. Hills Like Elephants. His accompanying remarks are reprinted in the Results section. Inter alia (among other things), he said, LEEWS was absolutely essential to my success. . The exemplar is, in fact, *my* exam essay answer, and if I say so myself, it's a pretty good LEEWS exemplar as well. We reiterate that the LEEWS objective for a research, every response is a series of paragraphs, each beginning with relevant law and presenting balanced lawyerlike analysis. Organizational Essay. . What is surely wanted when confronted with a task such as what follows is a system whereby in structured, step-by-step fashion, the examinee knows exactly what is wanted and how to proceed and present. For example, a LEEWS grad will immediately skip over the confusing fact pattern to the question/instruction, typically at the end, and perform Step One.
A LEEWS grad has also read many such introductory instructions, and therefore will skim through quickly to view a research note what, if anything, is new and/or unusual. Note that the average student managed less than 17 points out of a possible 45 on the essay exam versus Richard's 39 (!!). . It may be further noted that although these professors did not require a so-called IRAC format [and we commend that!), Richard's paragraphed response could easily have been conformed to a Follow IRAC instruction by merely introducing an issue statement before each paragraph, and essay speech, a conclusion statement at the end. LEEWS posits that in general issue statements are unnecessary, as starting a paragraph with law implies the issue, and conclusions are unimportant.] Civil Procedure I -- Exam Results -- Fall, 2006 (§ 11 = Prof Banks, § 12 = Prof Entman) Essays - 45 points.
Average -- § 11 [17.2]; § 12 [16.1]; both sections [16.6] Range -- § 11 [3 - 42]; § 12 [4 - 39] Multiple Choice - 55 points (35 questions) Average -- § 11 [33.70]; § 12 [35.00]; both sections [34.36] Range -- § 11 [18.86 - 50.29]; § 12 [17.29 - 53.43] Total - 100 points. Average -- § 11 [50.90]; § 12 [51.09]; both sections [50.99] Range -- § 11 [22.86 - 92.29]; § 12 [26.29 - 83.00] Average Grade - § 11 [2.33] Both Sections [2.34] § 12 [2.34] A+: 82 and above.
F : 0 - 32. INSTRUCTIONS - Read these instructions carefully. A Research Paper. You are responsible for hills, following them to the letter and will be assessed a point penalty or given a failing grade for paper, failure to follow instructions. Before you begin work on this examination, be sure that you have an examination booklet consisting of 8 consecutively numbered pages -- beginning with this page. Part I consists of problems calling for written analysis. Part II consists of 35 multiple choice questions. If your examination is incomplete, you should advise the instructor immediately. It is your responsibility to organizational ensure that you are working with a complete examination. The exam is paper closed book. You may not use any material other than this examination booklet, the write essay figures answer sheet, blank paper and an appropriate writing instrument.
You may not, of course, confer with or receive assistance from any other person. Your answers for Part I should be written on the paper provided. View Paper. Be sure to introduction blade runner essay identify clearly which subpart you are answering (e.g., I. A.). View A Research Paper. When you have completed your answers to Part I, number your pages consecutively, write your identification number on grzanka dissertation each page, and staple all of the pages together in the upper left hand corner. 1. Answer only the question asked and do so with organization, precision, legibility, and proper grammar and spelling. 2. If a court rule or a statute is relevant to a problem, you may identify it by number, but you must discuss its substance whether or not you mention the rule or statute by a research number. 3. Runner Essay. Write on only one side of view, a page and leave a left margin. Write your identification number in patrick grzanka the space provided on the answer sheet for Part II and mark the appropriate corresponding circles on your answer sheet to indicate your examination number. View. Do not staple the answer sheet for Part II to anything. Submission of Exams -- General Instructions When you have finished the examination, place your answers to Part I, your answer sheet for Part II, and the exam booklet in the separately designated boxes. All examination booklets must be turned in.
You must write your identification number on this exam booklet at the top of the first page and return the booklet in order that your exam answer sheet may be matched with the starting an essay correct version of the answers. Do not write your name on anything. For this examination, unless we have specifically studied to the contrary, you should assume the following: 1. all states have adopted rules of civil procedure identical to the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure; 2. all states have enacted statutes that authorize the exercise of jurisdiction on each of the view traditional bases recognized by the Supreme Court up to grzanka the date of its decision in International Shoe; 3. all states have also enacted the paper following statutes: X.C.A. § 1-1-111: A court may exercise personal jurisdiction over introduction essay, a person (including an individual, his executor, administrator, or other personal representative, or a corporation, partnership, or any other legal or commercial entity) who acts directly or by an agent, as to a claim for relief arising from the personЂ™s.
(a) transacting any business within this State; (b) causing tortious injury by paper an act or omission in this State; (c) causing tortious injury in this State by an act or omission outside this State if the person regularly does or solicits business, or engages in view paper any other persistent course of conduct, or derives substantial revenue from goods used or consumed or services rendered in this State; (d) owning, using or possessing any property situated in paper this State; (e) contracting to insure any person, property, or risk located within this State at essay, the time of contracting. X.C.A. § 2-2-222: In any suit brought in the courts of view a research paper, this State, service of process may be achieved by sending a summons and a copy of the complaint by registered mail, return receipt requested, to observation the defendant's home address, or principal place of business, wherever located. The problems in Part I are worth a total of view a research, 45 points. They are not of equal weight. A. You are now an associate attorney in a law firm. Respond fully to the following memorandum from write essay speech one of your employers. ЂњI QuitЂќ is not a recommended answer. To: Associate. Re: First Commercial Industrial Bank v. Isolde. Date: Dec.
11, 2006. [Fact pattern (hypo)] Tristan and Isolde are partners in paper a furniture repair business. Write Figures. Their shop is in the State of Swabia where most of view a research paper, their customers are from. Sometimes people from the nearby States of Prussia and Bavaria bring repair jobs to the shop in Swabia. Isolde was raised in Prussia and an essay, lived there with her parents until June, 2003, when she moved into an apartment in Swabia to see if she would enjoy living away from home. In July, 2003, a vice-president of First Commercial Industrial Bank of Prussia [ЂњFirst CommercialЂќ] attended a lecture on furniture repair that Isolde gave in Prussia. He decided that Tristan and view paper, Isolde had a promising business and write figures, that the bank would do well to procure their business. Paper. After receiving a letter at their shop offering the bankЂ™s services, Tristan and Isolde decided to borrow $150,000 from First Commercial. By telephone, they requested the an essay with a reference bank send them the paperwork at their shop.
On August 15, 2003, Tristan and Isolde signed the loan papers at their shop and Tristan immediately took them to First CommercialЂ™s main office, located ten miles away in the State of Prussia. First Commercial then gave them a check for $150,000 minus closing costs of approximately $5,000. The loan agreement provided that its interpretation and validity would be governed by the law of Prussia and that it was to be repaid in two years. Due to financial difficulties, Tristan and Isolde made only two payments on the loan. When First Commercial threatened to sue them, Tristan settled the bankЂ™s claim against him for a research paper, $50,000. Dissertation. First Commercial then sued Isolde in the United States District Court for Prussia to view paper collect the unpaid principal and interest. First CommercialЂ™s attorney served Isolde with process by registered mail, return receipt requested, to her at the shop in an essay Swabia. On May 15, 2005, after Isolde failed to respond to the complaint and summons, the court entered a default judgment against her for $100,000. View A Research. On December 1, 2006, First Commercial sought to register the judgment against Isolde with the United States District Court for the District of Swabia. In conjunction that proceeding, First Commercial procured a writ of garnishment, attaching $10,000 that Isolde had in observation a bank account in Swabia.
First Commercial also procured a writ of garnishment from the federal court in view a research Bavaria, attaching a $5,000 debt owed to Isolde by one of her customers there. [Question/instruction] We represent Isolde. Essay. Please submit a memo to me discussing fully whether Isolde has any defenses she may raise to the enforcement proceedings in Swabia and Bavaria. A Research. Be sure to discuss fully any possible defenses that you may have considered and rejected and explain fully why you have rejected them. B. The next day, you receive the following memorandum from the same partner.
Again, respond fully. To: Associate. Re: First Commercial Industrial Bank v. Isolde. Date: Dec. 12, 2006. I have now learned that Isolde was involved in hills like conflict an automobile accident in Swabia a week after she was served with process by registered mail.
She was rendered unconscious for paper, two days. An ambulance rushed her to the nearest hospital, which was located in Prussia. Three days after the accident, but while she was hospitalized in Prussia, a private process server acting on behalf of First Commercial served Isolde in her hospital bed with a another copy of the summons and complaint for the same lawsuit. Given that she was served while in the state, it now seems to me that the judgment of the federal district court in Prussia against Isolde is unquestionably valid and is enforceable in both Swabia and Bavaria. Please discuss fully whether you believe that assumption is valid and whether the service on view paper Isolde in the hospital establishes jurisdiction. The discussion below is a verbatim copy of view paper, a studentЂ™s essay that received a top grade. Commentary by Professors Banks and Entman appears in brackets. . [LEEWS note: We reprint this commentary in blue.]
LEEWS NOTE: “IRAC” (merely a formula for organizing analysis of an issue) prescribes a statement of I ssue to precede the statement of R ule, and the discussion ( A nalysis). (And C onclusion at a research, the end.) The LEEWS paragraphing format posits that an abrupt statement of premise (relevant law) to begin a paragraph implies the issue, making a separate statement of issue unnecessary (thereby saving time). Richard's model response in LEEWS format does this. Paper. Our only suggestion is that underlining or boldfacing key words in the preamble of law — e.g., Subject matter jurisdiction in patrick grzanka dissertation the opening paragraph, federal diversity statute in the next — to assist the professor in recognizing the topic (issue). Subject-matter jurisdiction. The federal courts are courts of a research, limited jurisdiction; they can only hear certain types of claims as outlined in Article III of the US Constitution and as authorized by Congressional Statute. First Commercial will argue that the US District Court has subject-matter jurisdiction to hear this case based on runner the diversity of citizenship of the parties.
First Commercial is a citizen of Prussia. Isolde has been living in Swabia for one month. A Research. [The facts do not give sufficient information to grzanka dissertation know how long Isolde had been living in Swabia at the time First Commercial filed its complaint, which is the time at which jurisdiction must either exist or not. At most, one can deduce that the suit was brought as early as November 2003 or as late as April 2005. Consequently, Isolde must have been living in Swabia for more than one month, but not the two or three years that some students stated.] She can argue that she is still domiciled in Prussia, where she lived her whole life up to June of 2003, because she only moved to Swabia temporarily, to see Ђњif she would enjoyЂќ life on her own. If Isolde is found to be a domiciliary of Prussia, then there is not diversity of citizenship and thus no subject matter jurisdiction. However, if Isolde is found to have relocated to Swabia with the a research intent of staying for the indefinite future, then the parties are diverse.
The federal diversity statute also requires the amount in controversy to exceed $75,000. The $100,000 judgment against Isolde satisfies this requirement. Organizational Observation Essay. N.B. [Please do not use abbreviations, including this one.] This action could not be brought under Ђњfederal questionЂќ jurisdiction because breach of contract is a state common-law claim. Therefore nothing in the plaintiffЂ™s complaint arises under the view a research Constitution and laws of the United States. Subject-matter jurisdiction is never waived, and in this case, it has not been previously litigated, so it could be raised on frankenstein collateral attack.
However, it is more likely than not that the court will find that Isolde did move to Swabia with the intent to stay indefinitely, so the District Court in Prussia probably did have subject-matter jurisdiction. Personal jurisdiction. In the alternative, Isolde can argue that the rendering court in Prussia lacked jurisdiction over the person. Because this has not been litigated, it can be raised on a research collateral attack in the enforcing court. [We would have preferred a discussion at this point that specifically points out that Isolde never even appeared in runner frankenstein essay the first action. Most of view a research paper, you could have improved your answers by making better use of the facts to support your analysis.
The reason Isolde can raise personal jurisdiction on collateral attack is because she did not appear at all in the original action. Since she did not appear, there is no reason to discuss Rule 12.] First, Isolde will argue that there are no traditional bases for establishing jurisdiction over her in Prussia. N.B. The federal courts derive their personal jurisdictional reach from the patrick state in which they are situated, so the District Court can exert personal jurisdiction over an out of state defendant only if the state court could do so. Isolde was not served with process with Prussia, so transitory [transient?] jurisdiction does not attach. Because it is necessary that she be domiciled in view a research Swabia to establish diversity of citizenship, First Commercial cannot argue that she be subjected to personal jurisdiction on the basis of domicile. An Essay With A Reference. Even though the contract included a choice-of-law provision applying the laws of Prussia to possible disputes, that is view paper not the same as a consent provision. [A surprising number of students referred to this as a forum selection clause. At least one student referred to it as a forum selection clause in part of the answer and essay, a choice of law provision in another part of the same answer. Another specifically stated that it was a forum selection clause and not a choice of view a research paper, law provision.
Mistakes of this type may be attributable to write essay figures sloppy reading of the facts but they are also a strong indication of a serious lack of preparation. Failure to devote sufficient time to study of the assigned materials frequently manifests itself in a personЂ™s demonstrated obliviousness to important distinctions. Others simply didnЂ™t know what to do with the fact, thus reflecting a failure to study the Burger King opinion and to pay attention to our class discussions of a research, it.] Statutory basis. First Commercial will argue that the long-arm statute conferred specific jurisdiction over a research, Isolde on the basis of the first of the enumerated acts: Ђњa) transacting any business within the State.Ђќ The claim for relief, the $100,000 breach of contract, arises from the defendantЂ™s act of entering into the loan contract, which First Commercial will argue was executed on TristanЂ™s delivery of the loan documents to the BankЂ™s main office in Prussia. Isolde will counter that her act was signing the documents, which took place at the furniture shop in view paper Swabia.
This is a valid argument so long as the court reads the like statute literally and narrowly. View A Research Paper. However, if a court interpreted the statute broadly (See Gray v. American Radiator) it might find that the statute reaches the out of state act, the signing of the speech contract, which causes an in paper state result, the dissertation execution of the contract. [It is probably not necessary to view paper stretch the construction of the statute as the court did in Gray to introduction essay hold that it confers jurisdiction, given the facts of this problem. The statute covers transacting business in the forum state Ђњdirectly or by view a research an agent.Ђќ Like McShara in Burger King, Tristan was acting on behalf of the partnership (thus as an agent) in delivering the introduction blade essay papers to the bank. The facts specifically state that Isolde, along with Tristan, signed the papers and that he immediately took them to the bank. You should never, as many of you did, overlook the statement that Isolde signed the papers or speculate that she may not have read them. There is simply no basis in view a research the facts for speculating that Isolde didnЂ™t know what she was signing. Starting An Essay With A Reference. Indulging in view paper speculation that she might not have reveals desperation.]
Constitutional Standard. The Fourteenth Amendment to the US Constitution provides that no state shall deprive a citizen of life, liberty or property without due process of observation, law. The U.S. Supreme Court defined the due process standard as it relates to imposing personal jurisdiction on an out of state defendant in International Shoe: jurisdiction is constitutional only if the cause of view paper, action arises from the defendantЂ™s minimum contacts with the forum, such that the assertion of jurisdiction would not offend traditional notions of fair play and substantial justice. Assuming, arguendo, [LEEWS note: We teach the proper use of hills white elephants, words like arguendo -- because they are useful and add a lawyerly caste to the presentation.] that the long-arm statute is a research sufficient to provide a statutory basis of jurisdiction over Isolde, would such jurisdiction be constitutional under the Shoe standard? [While it is implicit in the answer that the constitutional hurdle becomes important only if the a research court first accepts the argument that the statute confers jurisdiction, a perfect answer would have explained that relationship more fully.] Isolde will argue no, because the a research contact which gives rise to paper the claim, the signed loan contract, was brought into the forum by the unilateral actions of a third party, Tristan. Therefore, Isolde did not purposefully avail herself of the privileges of conducting activities in the forum, Prussia. View. First Commercial will counter that Tristan and organizational, Isolde were operating together to secure the loan. They reached into the forum when they called First Commercial. Isolde knew that Tristan was taking the documents to Prussia, [run-on sentence, a sin committed by many students in these essays] therefore it was imminently [eminently] foreseeable that the contract would be executed there, and she could reasonably anticipate being haled into court in view paper Prussia over any disputes to the contract. (See Denckla, Worldwide VW). While there are some open questions regarding minimum contacts, the organizational observation facts seem to favor First Commercial.
In the alternative, [In addition?] can Isolde raise any of the fairness factors, defining Ђњfair play and substantial justice,Ђќ articulated in the US Supreme CourtЂ™s Burger King decision? In weighing the relative burden on Isolde compared to the interest of First National in paper litigating in Prussia, it does not seem unfair to require Isolde to travel to a nearby state where she lived most of her life and where she sometimes appears to give lectures. The interest of the forum state in adjudicating the dispute would be well served because of the choice of law provision; Prussia has an interest in adjudicating its own laws. The interest of the several states in efficiency and public policy do not seem to enter the hills like white conflict picture, so the fairness factors do not point to Prussia as an unfair forum for Isolde. Conclusion. Although Isolde has some colorable arguments, she probably cannot invalidate the original judgment on a defense of lack of personal jurisdiction.
[Many of you neglected altogether most of the issues about validity of the Prussia judgment treated in view a research paper the foregoing answer, instead discussing at length personal jurisdiction, subject matter jurisdiction, and service of figures, process in the enforcement proceedings in Swabia and Bavaria. Such discussions reflect a lack of a research paper, knowledge of our classwork on Assignment 27, a failure to read the Shaffer v. Heitner opinion carefully, and a failure to study the problems following that opinion in the casebook.]
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Free Downloadable Resume Templates. Free resume templates designed selected by view a research paper RG professionals. Simply choose your favorite and get started. Just scroll down and find a Microsoft Word template that suits your work experience and sense of design. Hills White Elephants Conflict Essay. Don’t worry – using a template is perfectly acceptable. If you don’t feel like designing your own resume, you can instead jump to view, our free and easy to use online resume builder. Save time and effort – it does all of the writing and paper, formatting for you. Click the button below and get started! Resume Template Library 1: Resume Genius' Original Designs - Expert's Choice.
The above basic resume library was designed by a research paper our resident resume experts and like white elephants conflict, have been battle tested by job seekers. As this set performed the best, we included them in our resume builder software– and now we are offering them to you for free to download in Microsoft Word format. Each professional template comes in five colors. Explore these templates, download them, personalize them, and start getting more interviews. Resume Template Library 2: Advanced Layouts.
Professional Brick Red. Timeless Dark Blue. Elegant 2.0 Dark Blue. Modern Brick Red. Due to the popularity of view, our professional Microsoft Word templates, we decided to spend more time adding to our database after hearing from customers about what they’d like to see.
For these new designs, we’ve created five NEW layouts and updated three of our most popular selections from with our resume builder software. Each resume has its own unique aesthetic — but don’t let that fool you. Each resume is thoroughly tested for view paper clarity and readability, meaning that you could use ANY of these resumes and land more interviews. So have fun, and pick one that suits your sense of design. But remember — the way you format your resume is extremely important depending on how much experience you have, or if you have any job gaps. So be sure to view a research, modify downloaded files to you get to a research paper, match your experience accordingly.
Template Library 3: Professional Profile Layouts. Washington Brick Red. Murray Dark Blue. Trump Brick Red. Introducing our newest batch of Microsoft Word templates, hot off the presses. Observation. We created these new designs due to the growing popularity of our explainer on how to write a professional profile. People interested in view, a layout featuring a PP introduction skyrocketed, so we toiled to create 8 brand new HR-approved documents for you to download for free.
Remember — this particular template is best for those of you with some or significant work experience only. Template Library 4: Creative Layouts. Brooklyn Bridge Black. Taj Mahal Dark Blue. White House Brick Red. Empire State Gray. Mount Rushmore Dark Blue. Are you having trouble separating yourself from your competitors? Have you been using the same resume format since you graduated college over patrick grzanka a decade ago?
Then it might be time to add some style to your resume! We’ve come up with a new set of creative designs that are the perfect blend of professionalism, personality, and just the right amount of style. These styles are great for graphic designers, artists, or anyone who wants to add a hint of character to paper, their job search. Template Library 5: Career Life Situations. Job Hopper Original. Mid-Level Dark Blue. Career Changer Brick Red. Whether it’s entry-level, manager, or executive, every job seeker experiences different phases throughout their career. Some phases, like being in dissertation, the middle of a complete career change or hopping around short-term jobs, are quite difficult to transfer on a resume. Fortunately, we have created a new library of templates specifically tailored to the various stages of a career. Remember: You can download any of these resume templates for free and paper, add the bullet points yourself, or you can make a resume in minutes with Resume Genius’ renowned resume builder software.
It can save you a lot of grzanka dissertation, hassle designing and filling up your resume, and land you more interviews faster. View. However, if you’d still like to an essay with a reference, make the paper, resume on your own, use our industry-specific resume samples to give you guidance and starting an essay, inspiration when writing your own resume. Lastly, don’t forget to check out our professional cover letter examples. Not Sure Which Template to Choose? The answer is yes — if you want to. Every person’s experience is unique, so you’ll need to choose a template that best reflects and a research, promotes your skills and experiences.Our templates are built to be customizable to any industry and blade, are great for any of the a research, 3 resume formats. The fact is, the web is filled with so many fantastic and creative template designs that there is undoubtedly something for starting an essay you out there. We are proud of the paper, designs we’ve created, and have seen that they are effective at landing interviews.
But we’re not finished yet — we’ll be adding template designs to this page extensively in the near future. If you feel like creating your own, that’s fine too. Readability is runner frankenstein essay, king when creating a good template — it is the view a research paper, most important factor, followed by a research how the resume itself is view a research, structured to with, showcase your best experiences and conceal your negative ones. You may have read on the Internet that it’s inappropriate to view paper, use a resume template. You’ll hear these arguments: 1. It shows you’re lazy and view a research, uncreative, and view, unable to design your own. Wrong, it shows you’re efficient. (Creating your own is with a reference, fine, too.) 2. Since your experience is unique, a resume template won’t cut it. Wrong again.
Your experience is personally unique, but you still generally fall into pattern that many other people have traveled before. 3. The hiring manager will be tired of looking at view a research paper, that resume template design because a lot of other people use it. That hiring manager should be fired. It’s the content of your resume that matters, not the grzanka dissertation, aesthetic (unless it’s not readable.) We hope that clears up any misconceptions you may have had.
We invite you to scroll back to the top and choose from one of view a research, our many resume libraries, and start writing. cover letter for nursing. Should i include collegiate sports in my resume? And if so where? It depends how much professional experience you have. If you are a recent college grad, then it is acceptable to include on your resume. Good luck on the job hunt! Good luck on the job hunt!
If the jobs are relevant to the ones you are applying for, then you can go as far back as you like. Like White. With regards to your military experience, check out our military to civilian resume guide: https://resumegenius.com/blog/go-shooting-guns-coffee-runs. Any of the templates in a research paper, library 2 would be suitable for manufacturing careers. Best of luck! I’ve worked in the same industry for the past 13 years. Hills Like Conflict. Multiple employers with jobs lasting two to three years each. The jobs have been similar, so the view, experience looks a bit repetitive. I need to find a template that highlights my experience without getting bogged down in the chronology, Any suggestions? It provides ample space for your professional experience, while also highlighting your top qualifications. Good luck on the job hunt!
hi resume genius.. i need template resume that suitable for trainer and coach.. can u suggest to me with template is suitable.. #128578; I had a job for 7 years and during that time I wore many hats, Executive Admin, Purchasing, Vendor Management, Project Coordination, etc. How would I write that on my resume? Perhaps the Company name and then all the starting a reference, related roles under that and the times I did those jobs? I was always the a research, Executive Admin, but I did other jobs during that period. Yes, your suggestion is figures speech, correct. View A Research Paper. Start with the a research, company name and included the related jobs with their own bullet points underneath. Good luck! Consider trying the ‘Job Hopper’ or the ‘Executive.’ They should able to fit all your jobs nicely. Ive never had a job so what should I use? Most of the templates above would suit your situation, but we suggest trying the Career Changer template because it emphasizes skills over the dates of your professional experience. (https://resumegenius.com/resume-templates/career-level-life-situation-templates#career-changer-templates) Best of luck!
We suggest using the ‘Gatsby’ Template. Good luck with grad school! As far as style, we suggest our ‘Professional’ template. In terms of view, format, if you want to include your restaurant experience, then you might want to patrick, consider using a functional format:https://resumegenius.com/resume-formats/functional-samples-writing-guide. Hope this helps!
We suggest using our ‘Entry-Level’ template. Good luck with the internship! Good Day Resume Genius.I’m a midwife by profession an has worked in a military hospital for 16 years in KSA. I’m trying to apply as a home based ESL educator and an email respondent . Since I’m from the a research paper, medical profession, I’m having difficulty in hills elephants conflict, choosing the view paper, perfect resume.The skill I know is more on the medical.,clerical which involes data entry for appointments and summary, interpreter and my part time informal english lessons to native speaking arabs. What template should I use? Try the write essay speech, ‘Murray’ template. Good luck! Hello.
Which is good for cabin crew applicant? I have no many work experience in service. So i want to highlight the other things. Thanks #128578; Take a look at our Flight Attendant resume sample: https://resumegenius.com/resume-samples/flight-attendant-resume-example You can download it and input your own information. Which template would you recommend for a career in view a research paper, education?
Check out our teacher resume samples: https://resumegenius.com/resume-samples/teacher-resume-example You can download them and input your own experience. Try using the ‘Freeman’ template. Best of luck on the promotion! Hi! What resume template would you recommend for a college freshman trying to apply for a competitive summer program with the USDA and South Dakota State University?
Sound like the ‘Entry-Level’ template would be a good fit for what you’re trying to do. Observation. Good luck with the summer program. Hi! Which resume template would you recommend for someone trying to view paper, tap into the finance and accounting market. Looking for an entry-level position.
You should go with the ‘Entry-Level’ template. Good luck with the blade runner frankenstein essay, job hunt. I have worked 32+ years as a nurse, the last 4 years taking care of paper, my elderly father and patrick dissertation, online work. Now seeking to get back into the job market for view paper extra income, not necessarily in the health field, just to earn some income and socialize. What resume do you suggest? Try the paper, ‘Job Hopper’ template. Good luck with your job search! Hi! What resume template would you recommend for a 9th grader trying to view a research, apply for a doctor (any)??
Apparently, resume making and blade runner frankenstein, interviewing is our project for paper the fourth quarter this year. I couldn’t find any clear examples on the web, and I was hoping you could help me out with what template I should use.. Try using the ‘Elegant 2.0’ template. Good luck on your project. Yes, if you click the View all Resume Designs button and click the blade, download link for the template pack of your choice. If you’ve never written a resume before, I’d recommend checking out our “How to view, Write a Resume” guide to get a clearer idea (it’s much more comprehensive than any answer I can give here). Essay Figures Speech. https://resumegenius.com/how-to-write-a-resume. Hit us up with any follow-up questions after giving that a read we’ll see if we can help further! Good luck! Hey there Margaret,
In order to best understand which template works, it’s a good idea to check out a research which resume format fits your particular needs; then you can take it from there. https://resumegenius.com/resume-formats. All of the templates were created by professional resume writers, so it’s hard to go wrong with any of them — it just depends on your preference. Good luck! It really depends on runner frankenstein what job you’re applying for. Since you have substantial work experience, try quantifying that in your resume (think: any numbers that a hiring manager can look at and better understand what you accomplished during your time working there). Check out a research paper this page and introduction blade frankenstein, choose the one you find most fitting, that should be a good start: https://resumegenius.com/resume-formats. Good luck on the job hunt! Hey there hbil036, This way, you can focus on your skills qualifications critical to the job application. As an aside, you may want to look into a research, whether you’re qualified to elephants, get back into accounting after that many years outside of the field. A Research Paper. I understand that some regulations and rules change over the years — it may just be a matter of taking a test or updating your certifications, but I’m not certain.
If that doesn’t seem to be a problem then go with the functional resume for hills like essay sure. Good luck on the job hunt! If you are lacking in major experience, I’d recommend using a reverse chronological format for your resume. Our “Classic” template on this page should do the view paper, trick: https://resumegenius.com/resume-templates/ Good luck at the job fair! I recommend you first check out our internship resume sample page: https://resumegenius.com/resume-samples/internship-resume-example. Speech. Afterwards, feel free to choose any format – just use a comprehensive education section instead of a professional experience section, and you should be good. Good luck landing that internship! Share Free Downloadable Resume Templates Our code geeks and HR experts are proud to introduce our new Free Resume Builder software to help you land more interviews in today’s competitive job market. We provide HR-approved resume templates, built-in job description bullet point phrases to choose from, and paper, easy export to MS Word and organizational observation essay, PDF.
Need a resume template? Feel free to download one, but be sure to make small modifications to unlock your. Would You Rather Work for a Man or a Woman? Do people still care whether they work for a research paper a man or woman, or do most people simply look for a nice job. Resume Builder Comparison | Resume Genius vs. LinkedIn Labs. What are the differences between the major online resume builders?
Here's an in essay speech, depth analysis of a research, what. Resume Genius' builder, resources, advice and career tips are regularly featured on some of the world's leading online and patrick grzanka dissertation, offline publications including: Our code geeks and HR experts are proud to introduce our new Free Resume Builder software to help you land more interviews in view a research paper, today's competitive job market. HR-proven resume templates, built-in job description bullet point phrases to choose from, and easily export to MS Word and PDF.
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2017 MBA Essay Questions: UCLA Anderson. A Research Paper? The Anderson essay guide is here to essay figures speech help you out with everything about your MBA app to UCLA! Thankfully, UCLA has fixed the awkward mission-focused attempt at branding within their essay question, and simplified it to a research what really matters: the goals. They also have a new short-answer question that lets you bring in another dimension. Describe your short-term and long-term career goals. How can the UCLA Anderson experience add value to dissertation your professional development? (500 words) Describe how you would contribute to a research paper the UCLA Anderson community. (250 words) For the short-answer question especially, it wouldn#8217;t hurt to check out this video that they released in a prior session, so that you get a sense for what they mean by their culture and how they value those who #8220;share success, think fearlessly and drive change#8221;: You can also refer to starting a reference past essays and other discussion towards the bottom of this page. Anderson is one of the most reapplicant-friendly schools out there, and this is reflected by their very generous 750-word essay for those who are trying again: Reapplicant Essay Question: Please describe your career progress since you last applied and ways in which you have enhanced your candidacy. Include updates on view, short-term and long-term career goals, as well as your continued interest in UCLA Anderson. Organizational Essay? There#8217;s also a standard optional essay (250 words) so plenty of opportunity to talk to view a research the adcom about things that matter in your app! We have updated our UCLA Anderson essay guide for essay, 2017 to reflect these changes.
Average GMAT for the Class of view a research 2018 decreased from 718 to 716, and the upper end of the 80% range of scores ticked down from 680 to with a reference 760, to 680 to a research paper 750. We don#8217;t know about app volumes at this school but it appears that either they#8217;ve been getting fewer candidates applying #8212; which is opposite to every other program #8212; and/or they had trouble getting them to organizational observation essay convert that year. Paper? Rd 1: October 6, 2017 one of the later ones, which means you#8217;ll get to take your breath after a crazy run in runner essay September with other schools#8217; deadlines hitting first. It also means that (hopefully) you#8217;ll be able to do a better job on a research, your UCLA app because you#8217;ll be well experienced by write essay figures speech then! Interview invitations often begin coming out quite quickly after the view deadline, and they continue throughout the whole cycle till December.
There#8217;s nothing to be interpreted from whether you receive one earlier or later in essay speech the sequence. View? Rd 2: January 5, 2018 another #8220;ouch#8221; Round 2 deadline (sigh nobody listens to the #8216;Snark) Two recommendations, as is common for most schools. One of them should be from your current boss and the second one someone else in a position of seniority. Three standardized questions for them to a reference answer and view a research paper one optional (See their questions here ) Lots of resources for choosing your recommenders available here on the blahg; if you want more help on who to with a reference choose, our Letters of Recommendation App Accelerator walks through the view a research specifics and lets you submit your recommenders#8217; strategy for feedback from EssaySnark. We don#8217;t have many Anderson essays reviewed on starting, the blahg, however they look for the same strong career goals as Columbia, Ross, and other schools do, so try these out for a research, some guidance: For Reference: Anderson#8217;s Past-Season Questions. Starting With? Included in case anyone wants to see what UCLA asked before. Click to view 2016 questions. 2016 Essays EssaySnark#8217;s Analysis. Here#8217;s what we said when last year#8217;s questions came out#8230; remember this analysis is from *last year*.
They#8217;ve kept the question from 2015, which is: We believe that the view best results are achieved when you share success, think fearlessly and patrick dissertation drive change. With this in mind, what are your goals at UCLA Anderson and in view a research your short-term and introduction long-term career? Here#8217;s the video that they produced when they first came out with this particular essay: [end discussion of 2016 questions.] 2015 Essays EssaySnark#8217;s Analysis. UCLA thankfully improved their application this year: The difficulties in view a research phrasing of the essay question that they introduced last year have been fixed, and they#8217;ve also reverted to two recommendations, from just one that they had required. These are good news for all you BSers. Details below, and patrick our UCLA MBA essay guide is up to date with these 2015 changes.
Cool! With this question, and the change in their Round 1 schedule, EssaySnark is pleased to see UCLA Anderson, like other schools this season, redeeming themselves from view past mistakes and patrick grzanka applicant-unfriendly policies. UCLA joins the trend of improving apps! Like MIT, Anderson simplified their one essay question it#8217;s still a little unwieldy but it#8217;s much much better than they had before. Here it is for the Class of 2018: We believe that the a research paper best results are achieved when you share success, think fearlessly and drive change. With this in mind, what are your goals at UCLA Anderson and in your short-term and long-term career? (750 words) They#8217;ve posted this video as a way to convey the #8216;culture#8217; themes those phrases #8220;share success, think fearlessly and drive change#8221; are all part of introduction blade frankenstein their school principles: They also pulled in a research paper their Round 1 deadline, to October 6th. That#8217;s still one of the later first-round deadlines for hills white elephants conflict essay, the top schools but it#8217;s now three weeks earlier than last year (it was way out on view a research paper, October 22nd then). This standardization actually may not help you all that much, since you#8217;ll likely be feeling pretty burned out by essay writing in the first week of October, having already managed submissions for about a month. The advantage is starting that you#8217;ll be in the swing of things with your essay writing projects and you will have plenty of experience writing essays for other schools by that time but the temptation may be very great to re-use one of those other essays for Anderson. And that would be a mistake.
When they had a three-weeks-later deadline then at view a research paper, least people could take a break and view a research paper regroup after the view paper flurry of craziness in September. So not sure this new standardized date is that helpful. Like White Elephants Conflict? What will help is a research hopefully! that Anderson will begin issuing interview invitations much earlier now. Write Essay? That#8217;s to everyone#8217;s benefit. The 2015 UCLA Anderson application guide will walk you through what#8217;s important in a research your pitch including some critical policies that are rather unusual at UCLA compared to other schools. Be equipped for success with this detailed guide for UCLA! 7/29/15 update: YES! ANDERSON SWITCHED BACK TO TWO RECOMMENDATIONS AGAIN! We had hoped that they would do this, and they have. (Last year it was only like white elephants, one rec which really put everyone at a disadvantage). View? One of your recommendations should be from your current boss and the second one someone in a position of seniority. Three questions for that person to answer (review them here ) [end discussion of 2015 questions.] 2014 Essays EssaySnark#8217;s Analysis.
8/1/14 The UCLA essay prompt has been updated; it#8217;s still just one question about goals, but it#8217;s been expanded to conform with the trend of so many other schools talking about #8220;mission#8221; and #8220;principles#8221;. Hills Like White Elephants Conflict? You shouldn#8217;t be using the view a research optional essay for UCLA any more than you should for most other schools (in other words, don#8217;t submit it unless you need it for something specific to a research paper explain about a weakness in your profile). 2014 UCLA full-time MBA question Class of 2017. View? UCLA Anderson is distinguished by three defining principles: Share Success, Think Fearlessly, Drive Change. What principles have defined your life and pre-MBA career? How do you believe that UCLA Anderson#8217;s principles, and the environment they create, will help you attain your post-MBA career goals? (750 words maximum) There#8217;s also a reapplicant essay, and an optional essay of up to 250 words (remember that should be used only to explain stuff, not just to talk about new things that you want to talk about). A Research? And, UCLA has mostly standardized with other schools asking just two questions of recommenders however just one recommendation is required.
That#8217;s gonna be tough. This year#8217;s essay question sounds remarkably similar to Haas and their #8220;defining principles#8221;; hate to paper call Anderson a copycat but this is far from original. Instead of Kellogg#8217;s #8220;Think Bravely#8221; we now have #8220;Think Fearlessly.#8221; We had actually applauded Kellogg#8217;s decision to drop language around their brand tagline from their essays this year, and now here is Anderson falling into that same trap or more precisely, forcing all of grzanka dissertation you BSers into view paper, it. At least #8220;Share Success#8221; is easy to grzanka dissertation understand, though on view paper, first blush it#8217;s pretty one-dimensional, too. These types of organizational observation essay essays are NOT easy to a research write.
You need to spend time ferreting out what in heck the school means by these #8220;principles#8221; and starting an essay a reference then you need to come up with stories from view paper your past that illustrate how you#8217;re someone who shares them and THEN you need to essay communicate your plan for your future. All of that in 750 words. Sheesh. Not doing anyone any favors, UCLA. [End 2014 questions section.] What are your short-term and long-term career goals, and how will an MBA from UCLA Anderson specifically help you achieve these goals? (750 words) The beauty with UCLA is a research they give you enough room to actually write something. This July 2013 post from Anderson Admissions explains their changes. [end discussion of 2013 questions.] What is your proudest achievement outside the workplace, and how has it impacted you? What are your short-term and long-term career goals, and how will an hills essay MBA from paper UCLA Anderson specifically help you achieve these goals? [end discussion of 2012 questions.] The UCLA MBA essay guide has been updated for introduction runner frankenstein essay, 2017 to help you out with your essay and short answer! 2017 MBA Application Strategy Guides. The 2017 Darden MBA Application Guide - rewritten almost from scratch to help you with the 2017 app! The 2017 Michigan Ross Essay Guide - totally new to help you with the nine short-answer options and view paper your career goals!
The 2017 MIT Essay Guide with brand-new material on the cover letter and the 'introduce yourself' video. The 2017 Duke Essay Guide - covers the 25 Random Things essay and all the rest too! The 2017 Harvard MBA Application Guide - refreshed with new details and strategies for your Class of 2020 app. Brave Supplicants' latest reviews on The 'Snark. I think that the reviewer raised a lot of good points, but a) three pages of feedback on a 250 word . As a re-applicant, I knew I needed considerable improvement to my pitch in order to maximize my . Thanks so much for the additional feedback ES. I really appreciate it. I just submitted my HBS app, . What were we snarking about at organizational essay, this time in past years? 2016 : ($) If you get fired, do you need to tell the adcom? 2016 : Good luck for HBS applicants! 2016 : No, you don't have to actually do the thing you say you will do in the career goals essay.
2014 : Did you just discover EssaySnark? 2014 : The disturbing trend of view a research decreasing transparency 2013 : More on visiting schools 2013 : ($) Being a thought leader is not a career goal. 2012 : ($) Duke's main essay: What do you tell your family, friends, and colleagues? 2012 : About Deadlines. And Momentum. 2011 : Battle of the Blogs! EssaySnark® is a registered trademark.
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Fast Food Restaurant Business Plan. Nudlez, a Washington Corporation, is in view paper the fast-food service industry. The company has developed a unique business model that reduces overhead by utilizing mobile vending units as opposed to brick and mortar stores. This is a very popular alternative to dining in organizational larger business centric cities. Nudlez provides high quality, fast-served Asian-styled meals, based on a central theme of noodles. The meals cater for variety and are delivered fresh faster than other noodle-based products. Paper. The meals are provided to write the consumer initially through mobile Noodle Vending Units (NVU's), which provide widespread point of sale coverage. The NVU's are state-of-the-art, complying with health regulations.
The first trial NVU was tested in Seattle in July 20XX, receiving great response. The NVU will become a product in itself, as Nudlez expands rapidly through franchising. View A Research Paper. Nudlez is a globally transportable business. Valued in 20XX at $105 billion, the domestic market for with a reference, fast food is large and segmented, with Asian style foods representing 1 of the top 3 choices in Seattle at 35% of the market. Nudlez will initially target central business district (CBD) lunchtime crowds, where high-income earning but time-poor individuals are most greatly concentrated. Shopping malls, university campuses, weekend markets, and local business areas will then be targeted. Event catering and supermarket convenience foods will be markets that Nudlez then diversifies into. Nudlez will build brand recognition through its Noodle Vending Units being placed strategically throughout large cities' business districts. Once brand recognition has been achieved, catering services will be offered, and the Nudlez products will be available in supermarkets.
Additionally, Nudlez offers franchise opportunities to view a research help further expand its reach, along with adding an additional revenue stream. The owners have significant experience in: the hospitality industry, advertising, and starting an essay a reference, business management. A Research. The founder previously owned two very successful Thai restaurants in Seattle but grew tired of paying exorbitant rent hoping customers would turn up each night. His Nudlez concept takes the product to the street! Nudlez has strong financials, and is always cash flow positive. Revenues are projected to patrick grzanka dissertation grow to nearly $58,000,000 by Year 5, with EBITDA totaling $15,000,000.
An initial analysis indicates that only 100 meals per day per NVU must be sold to break even. Paper. The strong financial plan ensures that the company will be attractive as an grzanka, acquisition for exit. The purpose of this business plan is to raise $1,500,000 from an investor, in the form of a convertible and redeemable note, providing a 32% compound annual return. Nudlez is committed to view a research the rollout of its 'wok-fresh' fast food business in 20XX. Nudlez is trademark registered. Nudlez Inc. was incorporated in the State of Washington in March 20XX. Nudlez is currently equally owned by Mr.
Dan Billings and view a research, Mr. Bill Cook. A Research. They have already spent over $75,000 in blade runner frankenstein direct costs of product testing and development, and will commit a further $200,000 in 20XX, prior to funds being required from the investor. Both owners will each hold two voting rights on the Board with the investor holding one. After running two successful Thai restaurants in Seattle for five years, Dan Billings spent most of the past two years in view a research Thailand looking at business opportunities.
While living there he ate almost exclusively as the locals did, from street vendor food outlets. Not only was the food freshly cooked in an essay a reference front of him, but the visual entertainment combined to augment the vibrant street culture. His initial thoughts were, this is what's missing from our staid cities in a research the United States. Hills Like White Elephants. Using this as his motivator he began to realize that there were also major commercial benefits to running a fast-food network where the majority of outlets were not restricted to one location. Paper. For a start, shop fronts in good locations are expensive. The key to making such a venture successful domestically would be to ensure that the vendor outlets are very hygienic, comply with health standards, serviced by an efficient re-supply network producing consistent meals, with professionalism and quality paramount. He spent considerable time designing a purpose built Noodle Vending Unit. He also moved back to Seattle and renewed his ties in the culinary community to elicit the design of fresh and tasty meals to be served from the NVU. The Nudlez brand was born! Realizing the opportunity to seize a market niche through rapid expansion, the inventor also joined forces with an blade frankenstein, experienced international business team to develop and implement that initiative. During the start-up phase of the business, food sales revenue will come from NVU lunchtime customers in busy Seattle CBD locations.
A small office will be setup in Seattle that will serve as the view paper, headquarters of the company. The principal product of Nudlez is fast-served, quality, Asian-styled individual meals. The meals are based on a central theme of noodles, but have a flexible degree of customization to suit the purchasers' tastes. The second, but equally important supporting product, is the hills like conflict, mobile cooking unit used to prepare the individual meals. View A Research Paper. This Noodle Vending Unit (NVU) has been specifically designed to produce the Nudlez meals in the shortest time possible.
While Nudlez will own and operate some NVU's, the bulk of the hills white, fleet will be purchased and operated by franchisees. These two products symbiotically solidify the Nudlez brand name. View A Research Paper. Nudlez is a state-of-the-art stir-fry noodle street vending system. While Nudlez's footprint in the three major metropolitan cities in introduction blade runner frankenstein Washington will be underpinned by the NVU fleet and a smaller number of strategically placed Nudlez stores, the aim in year-3 is to diversify the revenue stream by selling the meal product alone in a research supermarkets for home preparation and consumption. Fast Affordable Meals. The NVU operator cooks the meals in front of the hills conflict, customer within sixty seconds, using fresh ingredients. As implied by the Nudlez tagline 'wok fresh', each serving of noodles is a taste sensation, freshly cooked-to-order and served piping hot in a convenient cardboard pail. Customers are invited to paper create their own noodle dish following three easy steps: Step 1: Select Noodle Type; Step 2: Add Sauce; Step 3: Choose Protein. Compared to the meals offered by competitors, Nudlez offers a fresh, tasty, nutritious alternative. Nudlez may be slower than some fast food from the point of order, but it is significantly fresher, more nutritious, and almost 50% more profitable. One secret to starting an essay the speed of view, Nudlez meals is that the hills elephants conflict, meats and vegetables are pre-blanched and hygienically sealed in the same pail that the customer eventually receives.
The operator simply removes from the fridge, and combines with noodles and sauce in the wok. Noodle Vending Unit. Each NVU is completely self-contained, mounted on a research wheels and totally mobile. Patrick. It is delivered on-site each day by paper, a custom designed mini-van and simply wheeled into position. Stabilizing legs are deployed, the roof pops up and essay, it is ready to view go! At the end of the day it is simply wheeled back into the mini-van and returned to base for cleaning and waste removal. Introduction Blade Runner Essay. Ensuring the speed of the view paper, NVU operation is the Nudle-Rac. The Nudle-Rac is essentially a lightweight grid that is packed in the meal production facility with the various meal options. The Nudle-Rac is self-leveling and designed to fit perfectly in the NVU's fridge. Each NVU cart is immaculately presented in stainless steel and branded in strong colorful graphics. At night the noodle stand benefits from its own internal lighting.
Construction is of the highest quality kitchen-grade stainless steel. It is designed to be versatile for a research, use in just about any place where it is legal to sell food from a temporary stall. In comparison to standard 'caravan-type' vendor units, the NVU has major advantages in that it is: cheaper to produce, smaller size for better site access, self-sustaining power (no mains required short-term), easily moved by one person, unique look, hygienic and cheap to view service. The range of an essay with a reference, competitors here spans the market dominants like McDonalds, to sandwich and sushi bars, to 'vendor' foods like kebabs. However, when looking for closer similarity to Nudlez's offering, we arrive at the specialized noodle-based products provided by such companies as 'Noodlist'. A storefront operation located close to Pioneer Square in Seattle, the meal variety at 'Noodlist' is slightly broader.
However speed of preparation is significantly slower than Nudlez, necessitating the addition of standard pre-cooked, oily and somewhat bland Asian fare to view paper satisfy the a research paper, 'time-poor' consumers. It is view, only this time constraint that is satisfied though, as taste and nutrition are compromised. The lack of speed in the fresh cooked Asian fast food market is emphasized by another competitor, 'Hot Wok', offering noodle-based meals in the Sea-Tac International Airport, where a sign on the counter informs consumers that meals may take up to thirty minutes to prepare. A captive consumer group is not being exploited here. Nudlez will change that. 'Wok in a Box' is an Oregon competitor that intends to open stores in Washington beginning in figures 20XX. The company currently operates 16 stores in the Pacific Northwest. Market research indicates company revenue for 20XX reached $5 million, representing a growth rate of 78 percent over the prior year. This growth is encouraging to view a research paper Nudlez, which through the use of its NVU's and patrick, its other competitive advantages will gain broader exposure. The existence of such competitors makes Nudlez an attractive acquisition or merger proposition. 3.4 COMPETITIVE EDGE/BARRIERS TO ENTRY.
Unique modality of a research paper, fast-food availability, with unmatched preparation times Lower capital costs and overheads and high margin unit sales through broad exposure. Healthy, fresh, fast, quality, price competitive alternative New funky, identifiable brand, professional approach and solid management Aimed at segment of large market not currently exploited by patrick, the competition. The founders of Nudlez have invested a total of $75,000 in development of the NVU, and plan to spend an additional $200,000 over the next year on development of the second generation NVU. The 'Generation-2' NVU is currently under design, maintaining versatility yet improving with the introduction of view paper, inventions such as the patrick, Nudle-Rac. With Nudlez, the term customer holds two meanings; firstly as a reference to view a research consumers who may purchase a meal from a Nudlez point of presence, and secondly as entities with an interest in owning a Nudlez franchise. Frankenstein Essay. The primary target consumer group for the first phase of Nudlez fits the profile of a medium to high-income earner, with a healthy and view a research paper, fresh lifestyle orientation. The first phase of the business plan is about growing brand awareness quickly with customers of this profile. Shortly after growing the brand awareness, as part of the observation essay, Nudlez rapid growth plans, franchisee customers looking for a self-employment opportunity providing good income relative to paper the hours worked will be targeted. Institutions such as university campuses will also be targeted as potential franchisees.
The profile will then extend through catering to the customer who is looking for a relatively low cost, value-adding product to support private or corporate events. This customer will be served at both the supermarket (DIY) and event catering levels. With sales in excess of $105 billion, the market for fast food is substantial, and the opportunity to build and hills like essay, grow a new exciting product with a strong brand is real. Asian style food represented approximately 35% of this revenue. A Research Paper. Although the market is mature with heavy buyer/seller saturation, it is heavily segmented on quality, style, modality and price, presenting opportunity for niche market products such as Nudlez. Customers' perception of 'healthier' is an important value proposition. Introduction Essay. Nudlez provides this, with the added bonus of serving the meal quickly. The idea that desirable food could be prepared in a quick fashion appeals to paper a sizeable portion of the market; those in starting an essay tourism, people engaged in a commercial capacity, busy homemakers and students.
These few examples are indicative of a large and growing collection of a research, time poor individuals placing increasing value on elephants essay every spare moment of their day. Nudlez has the ability to match the ravenous need for convenience with the utility that modern, fast paced lifestyles drive. Nudlez negates boundaries of culture, age and preference, through a daily mission to view satiate appetites. Today the contemporary food outlet must maintain its appeal within an increasingly health-conscious market. Worldwide the diet continues to gain momentum and this means that products with less appeal to the diet-conscious will suffer reduced success. Blade Runner Frankenstein. Entrepreneurs continue to derive extraordinary profits from 'health-conscious' ventures, for example 'Jamba Juice' (Jamba Juice is a fruit-based snack e.g. smoothies and drinks, which offers a fresh and healthy alternative to the major players' product. Jamba Juice expects $70 Million in revenue from its 150 stores in 20XX.) Nudlez is designed to make the most of the public's increasing nutritional conscience. The economic environment for view a research, the successful outlet will take into account the starting an essay with a reference, factors and conditions that influence the ability of its target market to afford its product. Consumers today, particularly in business-centric cites, have a relatively high disposable income. Nudlez will be priced competitively with existing alternatives and will strive to view a research attract market share through product differentiation. Strong product supported by great tasking meals with a strong focus on quality, healthy and competitively priced meals in addition to the speed of a research paper, producing meals Strong brand, which has been tested before full implementation.
Emphasis on a fund brand culture Market conditions are favorable with Nudlez offering new niche spark in an otherwise static market Low development risk as the product currently exists Easy, low risk growth through short time to market and paper, short time for NVU construction as well as low cost per introduction blade essay, unit Transferable business model as a result of similarities in trends and the US culture of street style food vending. Ability to capitalize on brand and view a research, concept with expansion through franchise and other market segments Low management risk due to experienced team and the strong diversification of skills and observation, expertise = holistic results High gross margins on meal products, which can be maximized by negotiating bulk purchase agreements with wholesalers. Defendability of concept as the meal products cannot be patented; this needs to be addressed by building strong brand awareness and establishing copyright on total quality system. View A Research Paper. Focus also on essay figures speech rapid growth and securing prime sites in target markets NVU restocking logistics is a research paper, being addressed through NVU design, which ensures breakeven results for a day's trade without restocking. Central production facilities also being established to support restocking Site permits for street vending need to be established before implementation of NVU's, but also private sites will be secured to reduce exposure to local government issues Product may be vulnerable to weaken over time, which can be minimized through product innovation and diversification. Niche-specific opportunities through monopolizing niche market by building strong brand awareness and leading the view paper, street food vending culture through being vigilant with other vending business opportunities.
Low restriction to NVU operating hours means there can be diversity of venues and access to a very diverse target customer group Capitalize on view a research paper diversity of venues and consumer groups to promote and market expansion through event catering and franchise ownership International expansion to Europe, which has a strong culture for street food vending and pre-prepared meals. Target strategic partner for joint venture, master franchise or sale of hills white essay, Nudlez. Local government regulations in relation to a research paper street vendors means permits secured have minimum life period, however change in this area is slow Vulnerability to imitation products from competitors will be reduced through rapid development of an essay with, Nudlez products and brand. Short-term site permits means the Nudlez brand needs to be diversified through catering, franchise and a research, supermarket placement Seasonal demand for NVU's meaning inconsistent returns. View A Research Paper. This can be minimized through diversifying brand through catering, franchising and a supermarket product line. To forge a new, vibrant, high quality brand in the fast-food sector; to paper challenge the established market by offering a fresh, tasty and professional alternative; and to starting an essay a reference build a robust business model founded on high-yield, low capital outlay products. It is a research, our vision that Nudlez will expand predominantly through franchising domestically and then to appropriate international markets.
It will diversify through catering and hills like white elephants conflict essay, product placement in supermarkets. The possibility of trade acquisition or merger also exists. Given that the United States is positioned 1st in the top 10 global markets for weekly fast food consumption, the view a research, marketing strategy is based on penetrating the market rapidly. A Research. This will be achieved by placing the NVU's in strategic locations where the likelihood of consuming a takeaway meal is view, extremely high. Expansion of numbers of NVU's and stores through franchising will ensure that first mover advantage is optimized. The network is speech, supported by an integrated total quality management system ensuring consistency, which will be leveraged in the marketing strategy.
Capital outlay for franchisees will be low with owners earning more dollars per hour worked than other franchise options. Expected net profit after tax for franchisees is 20%. The marketing objective of Nudlez is to position itself so that consumers of view, fast food are confident they are purchasing and consuming a healthy and fresh product, enhanced by the overall delivery experience. Introduction Blade Runner Essay. The marketing objectives are to: Rapidly establish a recognized brand through street vendor points of sale supported by a smaller number of strategically placed hardstand stores Position itself as a fresh, tasty and healthy alternative to traditional fast food Maintain high gross margins on a research paper meal products Capitalize on the brand through expansion using franchising and product diversification, which will include catering and paper, supermarket placement. Nudlez's initial strategy will be focused within Washington, commencing in Seattle then within 18 months expansion into Spokane and the Vancouver/Portland metropolis. Beginning with company owned NVU's and central production facilities, rapid expansion will then be achieved through franchising in paper all target areas. NVU production will be outsourced to a manufacturer in Seattle and starting with, has been estimated at $12,500 per NVU. Each city will have company owned NVU's, shops, a central kitchen premises and support kitchens (hubs).
Product Production and Preparation. Raw product has been sourced from a research selected Seattle suppliers. It is a competitive quality market, with room for a number of suppliers to diversify risk. The secret to Nudlez' fast delivery to the customer from moment of hills like white conflict essay, order is the blanching and preparation process of the raw product at the central kitchen premises and hub sites. This will be overseen by view a research, our master-chef teams, adhering to introduction strict health regulations. All ordering, stocking and quality controls will be managed on view an in-house computer based system enabling usage patterns to be monitored maintaining ordering efficiency and minimizing wastage. A unique system for NVU and store restocking, the grzanka dissertation, Nudle-Rac is currently under design. Essentially providing completely removable internal sectioning to the refrigerators to hold the different meals available, it is spring-loaded so that when one meal is removed, the next meal raises to the top for easy access. At the beginning of each day, a franchisee will arrive at their support kitchen where the Nudle-Rac, preloaded with the a research, day's meals, will be loaded directly into the NVU's fridge without having to remove the NVU from the van providing an efficient stocking system and minimizing the essay speech, time meals spend out of refrigeration. View. For large catering events, support vans will provide additional pre-stocked Nudle-Racs to onsite NVU's.
It is Nudlez objective to be acquired by another fast food company within five years by posting large revenues and a substantial EBITDA. Additionally, merger options, as well as an IPO may be considered at that time. 6.1 ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE. Nudlez will be lead by Bill Cook, CEO. He will report to the founders and investors, which will make up the board. The CEO will oversee the CFO, CIO, Food and Human Resources departments. With over 80 years of sector diverse, international strategic and operational combined experience, professionally qualified and with energetic personalities critical to ensuring the Nudlez values, the grzanka, owners and a research, the management provide the skills to deliver: Bill Cook has run start-up business operations, with broad management skills Dan Billings has owned and managed 2 successful restaurants and an advertising firm David Noor is introduction essay, a financial wiz with broad entrepreneurial appreciation Angela Gates is not your typical CIO, with a creative flair and eye for view paper, efficiency Sheila Arch brings the important HR skills combined with a marketing bent.
Bill Cook - CEO Director (Systems, Strategy Finance) Bill is a Seattle boy, born and bred, with an intimate knowledge of the cultural and niche diversities of Seattle. Originally with an honors degree in Civil Engineering, Bill worked in the Seattle construction industry from the an essay, 80's boom time through the recession of the early 90's. From there he traveled overseas working in such places as the UK, Bosnia (during the war), Romania and Holland. The bulk of his experience in these eight years centered on strategic management of start-up ventures. These ranged from establishing critical engineering support facilities for view a research, the UN in Bosnia, to expending Shell's retail network across Eastern Europe, to property development ventures in Romania. Bill returned to observation essay Seattle in 20XX to utilize this broad strategic experience on home soil, initially focusing on the property sector. Bill has known Dan for over 20 years and paper, quickly assessed the potential of his Nudlez idea, convincing Dan that rapid expansion was key to grzanka securing the a research, market niche. Bill graduated his MBA with High Distinction in 20XX. Dan Billings - Director (Marketing Food Technology)
After a successful career in advertising culminating in the establishment of his own Seattle based agency, Dan entered the hospitality industry. Grzanka. His first venture, Pad Real Thai, a Thai restaurant and takeaway situated on bustling Pine Street, was an instant hit. A Research Paper. An innovative and organizational observation essay, funky menu, supported with clever marketing (including the use of real Bangkok Pad's for delivery vehicles) saw the business achieve critical acclaim. Rave reviews in Short Black and Cheap Eats to view a research name a few, were followed by televised appearances on 'Seattle Weekly' and Seattle's Food Lover's Guide. A second Pad restaurant opened in Bellevue, and was awarded the hills white elephants essay, prestigious 'Bent Fork award. Dan sold the Pad enterprise in 20XX to pursue business interests in Thailand.
It was here, while enjoying Bangkok's vibrant street food culture, where the Nudlez concept was born. Dan has a degree in Science from the University of view a research paper, Washington. In the long term, the employee/income ratio will be approximately $125,000 per employee. An Essay With. Nudlez will run a lean operation with an emphasis on sales and food production. In years two and view a research paper, three the sales staff will grow from 20 to introduction blade 110 people, and the production staff will grow from view a research paper 12 to 277 people. Administration will grow as needed. Nudlez will require $1,500,000 from an investor. The funds will be used primarily for the completion of view a research paper, one central and five suburban meal production facilities. The funds will be expected in view a research paper two rounds, $750,000 to begin operations, and a further $750,000 seven months later (four months after revenues have commenced). The investor's $1,500,000 will be structured as a redeemable note, convertible to 15% shareholding in Nudlez at the end of paper, year-3. Alternatively, redemption can be done at this time providing a return of $3,450,000 (2.3 times investment), equating to a compound annual return of approximately 32%.
The end of year-3 is good point for view a research, possible investor exit, as decisions on product expansion into supermarkets will be made at this time. Funds will be used to initially finish development of the NVU and to establish fit out central premises in introduction blade frankenstein Seattle, including IT infrastructure. 5 hubs and 5 sites will initially be established in paper Seattle, following that expansion into Vancouver/Portland and Spokane will begin. 7.3 INCOME STATEMENT PROJECTIONS. Nudlez will be profitable by the end of its first fiscal year, as shown in the attached financial statements. The business will grow dramatically in years two and three. Break Even Analysis. A break even analysis, assuming zero catering and acquisition stores, reveals less than 100 meals per view paper, NVU and 150 per store need to be sold per trading day to achieve break even. Number of view a research paper, average rain days for the 3 cities is 12 per month. This equates to approximately 40% of the month, which we have conservatively applied, despite its low probability.
The conservatism also allows for blade essay, logistics accidents, staff truancy, etc. to arrive at a research 13 trading days/month for grzanka, NVU's. (Exclude catering) Total employment in the expanded Seattle CBD areas is estimated at over 350,000. Nudlez expects to capture less than 2% of view paper, this daily market from CBD NVU's and stores Seattle and Portland/Vancouver are similar sized markets, with Spokane being approximately half the introduction, size. View A Research Paper. Revenue estimates reflect these ratios. Gen-1 and first Gen-2 NVU, testing and development costs totaling around $75,000 already spent by inventor are not included in financials. First Gen-2 NVU will obtain homologation, meaning that the design has blanket pre-approval with local government, reducing time and cost for individual site permits.
First 10 NVU's cost $125,000, including homologation. Wastage is estimated at 15% across all food related product (validated in Seattle trials). This will reduce once the 'Nudle-Rac' and associated IT systems are in place Training, Quality Management Systems and Franchise Operations Manuals will be completed effectively for write essay, $220,000 by the end of year 1. Copyright © 1998-2017, Khera Communications, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
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Essai - Alfa Romeo Stelvio 2.2 180 : le latin lover. Envoyer a un(e) ami(e) Premier SUV de l'histoire d'Alfa Romeo, le Stelvio debarque au milieu des stars premium allemandes bien etablies, avec son charme latin indeniable. View Paper. Notre premier essai de la version diesel 210 ch a demontre qu'il pouvait leur faire du tort. Introduction Runner Essay. Moins chere, cette version 180 ch est-elle egalement recommandable ? de la redaction.
Version diesel 180 ch. Des performances etonnantes. Un premier prix a 41 700 € Le marche du SUV est incontournable. View A Research. Et il grossit encore, jusqu'a representer bientot 1/3 des ventes globales en Europe. Patrick Grzanka Dissertation. Alfa Romeo ne pouvait pas passer a cote. View Paper. Le relancement de la marque s'est donc materialise par le lancement d'une nouvelle berline d'abord, la Giulia, et ensuite celui du premier SUV de son histoire.
Le second etant base sur la plateforme de la premiere, et portant le nom d'un col des Alpes italiennes, le Stelvio. Force est de reconnaitre qu'il apporte un petit vent de nouveaute dans une categorie premium, dominee par les SUV allemands. Patrick. La concurrence porte en effet les badges BMW (X3), Audi (Q5), Mercedes (GLC), Jaguar (F-Pace) ou encore Volvo (XC60), et fait surtout preuve de rigueur et de discretion. Tout le contraire de ce nouveau venu. View A Research. Son style ne peut laisser indifferent, tout comme le joli rouge competizione de notre modele d'essai (une option a 2 500 € tout de meme !). Organizational Observation Essay. L'air de famille avec la familiale Giulia est indeniable, surtout en face avant, ou le triangle de la calandre, couple aux deux grandes ouvertures du bouclier, dessine un trefle typique de la marque. View A Research. Feux etires, capot bombe et nervure donnent beaucoup de caractere a ce SUV. Essay Figures. La partie arriere est plus personnelle mais fait tout de meme penser a la compacte Giulietta qui aurait ete largement surelevee. A Research. Les deux (enormes) sorties d'echappement de part et d'autre du faux sabot de protection donnent le ton.
Le Stelvio se veut sportif de temperament, et ca se voit. On est a mille lieues du classicisme des concurrents en tout cas, ce qui peut seduire, ou rebuter. Blade Frankenstein. Nous faisons partie des seduits. Finition en retrait des meilleurs. Dans l'habitacle, l'ambiance est tres proche de celle de la Giulia, encore une fois. View Paper. Pas etonnant puisque sieges, compteurs, volant, platine de levier de boite, poignees de porte, commandes de climatisation sont repris a l'identique.
Seul le dessin des bandeaux et casquette de planche de bord est different, mais le premier integre le meme ecran multimedia de 8,8 pouces. Organizational Observation Essay. Une taille respectable en soi, mais c'est surtout la largeur qui est grande, la hauteur au contraire est faible et la surface finalement limitee. Le dessin de planche de bord est agreable a l'oeil. A Research Paper. On peut selectionner differentes couleurs dont un rare rouge. Organizational. Mais certains assemblages et materiaux decoivent. Moins carre et possiblement plus colore que les habitacles germaniques (une planche de bord rouge en partie basse est disponible), le Stelvio apporte un cote latin que n'ont pas par definition les concurrents. View A Research Paper. C'est agreable a l'?il, bien dessine, et l'ambiance est resolument plus sportive. An Essay. Le volant 3 branches a meplat le confirme, lui qui integre aussi le bouton de demarrage, a la maniere d'une Ferrari ! Par contre, deception en ce qui concerne la qualite des materiaux et surtout des assemblages. View A Research Paper. Plus encore que la Giulia, qui nous avait deja un peu decus sur ce point, le SUV transalpin s'est un peu trop autorise d'ecarts a ce niveau.
Console centrale, platine entre les sieges, matieres des commandes de portieres, on organizational observation est un cran en dessous des X3, Q5 ou GLC. A Research Paper. Les assemblages sont aussi trop laches par endroits. View A Research. C'est dommage, car le Stelvio aurait sinon fait un sans-faute. A l'arriere, la place est correcte pour les passagers, et le tunnel de transmission pas trop encombrant. View Paper. Ce sont plutot les buses d'aeration arriere qui generont un eventuel occupant du milieu. A Reference. Le coffre quant a lui est un peu en retrait niveau volume, avec 525 litres contre 550 pour un Q5 ou meme 650 pour un F-Pace. A Research. Mais dans l'absolu, c'est suffisant pour partir en vacances a 5 sans devoir investir dans un coffre de toit.
Moteur performant et agrement de conduite de haut vol. Passons maintenant a ce qui se passe sous le capot. Introduction Blade Runner. Pour memoire, et si l'on excepte la radicale version Quadrifoglio Verde de 510 ch, le Stelvio est motorise par deux essence (200 et 280 ch) et trois diesels. Paper. Dans cette categorie de vehicule, ce sont encore ces derniers qui sont les plus vendus. View. D'ou notre premier essai en version 2.2 210 ch, et aujourd'hui celui-ci avec le meme moteur mais degonfle a 180 ch (le troisieme niveau de puissance etant de 150 ch).
Degonfle est d'ailleurs un terme presque abusif, tant les performances de ce 4 cylindres sont impressionnantes. View A Research Paper. Le Stelvio est tout simplement le plus performant de tout le plateau, malgre un deficit de puissance de 10 ch par rapport aux Q5 et X3. Essay. La vitesse de pointe de 210 km/h est quelconque mais ce sont surtout les accelerations qui impressionnent, avec un 0 a 100 km/h avale en 7,6 s. A Research. Le meilleur en face est le Q5, avec 7,9 s, tandis que le X3 annonce 8,1 s., le XC60 8,4 s. Observation. et le F-Pace 8,9 s. Paper. ! Il faut aller chercher un Mercedes GLC 250 d de 204 ch pour obtenir les memes performances globales (le 220d est a la traine). Organizational Essay. Les ingenieurs de la marque sont donc de veritables sorciers. View A Research Paper. Ils ont cependant utilise pour les aider une transmission parmi les plus efficaces, une boite auto a 8 rapports signee ZF, equipementier qui fournit egalement (entre autre) BMW. Hills Like Conflict Essay. Cette boite possede un rare agrement. A Research Paper. Reactive en tout temps, douce au passage des rapports, elle se marie a merveille avec le 2.2 diesel pour lui offrir des performances de haut vol, et des relances toniques dans toutes les situations. De plus, on view peut encore, sur le Stelvio, ameliorer sa reactivite grace au selecteur de conduite DNA. View. Il permet de choisir a loisir le temperament moteur. Observation. Le A correspond a All weather (tout temps) et lisse le caractere pour ameliorer le grip en conditions glissantes.
Le N correspond a Normal et equivaut a confort chez d'autres marques. View A Research. Un mode pour une conduite classique de tous les jours, orientee zen tout de meme. Like White Conflict. Et le D correspond enfin a Dynamique. A Research Paper. Les vitesses passent plus rapidement, les hauts regimes sont maintenus en conduite sportive, la direction se durcit, la reponse a l'accelerateur est plus franche et directe. Organizational. Sans que le tout devienne caricatural comme chez Volkswagen avec la DSG. Concretement, c'est un mode qui reste agreable a utiliser lorsque l'on veut se faire plaisir. View. Ce qui arrivera probablement souvent au volant de cette nouveaute. Organizational. En effet, le Stelvio donne envie de profiter des qualites de son chassis. View A Research Paper. La direction est ultra-precise et permet de placer ce gros bebe sur des rails en courbe. Patrick Grzanka Dissertation. L'amortissement est bien calibre : confortable au passage des irregularites mais maintenant la caisse avec efficacite et sans roulis.
De fait, ce SUV se conduit comme une berline, et hausser le ton se fait sans aucune arriere-pensee. View. C'est efficace, net, sans bavure, et generateur de plaisir. Patrick. De tous les acteurs du segment, l'italien est sans conteste le plus agreable a mener. View A Research. Et cerise sur le gateau, le bilan consommation est positif, avec une moyenne inferieure a 7 litres en mixte (6,2 litres sur route de campagne). Essay Speech. Pas mal pour un SUV pesant ses plus de 1 600 kg a vide. Il faudra par contre composer avec un freinage qui manque de mordant. View Paper. Il ne faut en effet pas hesiter a appuyer fort sur la pedale de gauche pour obtenir de la puissance de deceleration.
Mais une fois compris cela, l'efficacite est reelle. Organizational Observation Essay. Il faudra aussi accepter quelques decibels parasites lors des fortes accelerations sur les premiers rapports. A Research Paper. A la facon des blocs Mercedes, ce 2.2 laisse en effet passer quelques vocalises dans ces conditions. Essay Speech. Mais a regime stabilise ou a allure autoroutiere, il se fait bien plus discret. Enfin, nous vous conseillons, a moins de vouloir gagner quelques decilitres en ville, de desactiver le stop and view a research start. Organizational Observation. Il occasionne de tres desagreable tremblements a l'arret et au redemarrage du moteur. View Paper. On dirait un des premiers systemes, a l'epoque ou ces soubressauts etaient encore monnaie courante. Mais ces quelques defauts n'arrivent pas a faire oublier le reel plaisir pris au volant. View A Research Paper. Les 30 ch de perdus par rapport a la version 210 ch ne se ressentent pratiquement pas.
Ce 180 ch est tout a fait suffisant. View Paper. Et fera economiser entre 1 500 € (en transmission 4x4) et presque 4 000 € (en 4x2) par rapport au niveau de puissance superieur, uniquement disponible, lui, en 4x4. View Paper. De quoi s'offrir un niveau d'equipement plus eleve, par exemple. Un equipement complet mais pas au niveau des allemands. Notre modele d'essai, un milieu de gamme Super, offre deja plus que l'essentiel. Paper. De serie on organizational observation retrouve le freinage automatique avec reconnaissance des pietons, l'alerte de franchissement de ligne, les radars avant et arriere, les antibrouillards, le regulateur de vitesse, le frein de parking electrique, le hayon a ouverture electrique, les projecteurs bi-xenon, la navigation avec ecran 6,5 pouces, les jantes alliage de 18 pouces. View Paper. Nous disposions par ailleurs des options navigation 3D avec ecran 8,8 pouces (600 €), du regulateur de vitesse adaptatif (900 €), de la camera de recul (450 €), des palettes au volant (250 €), etde la peinture rouge competizione a 2 500 €. Grzanka Dissertation. Pour un prix global de notre modele d'essai fixe a 53 400 €. A Research Paper. Le ticket d'entree est lui fixe a 41 700 € pour cette motorisation, et 45 700 € pour notre version hors option. Patrick. C'est moins cher que la concurrence, de 6 000 € en moyenne, pour un equipement proche.
Mais l'italien ne donne pas acces a certains equipements technologiques que l'on peut desormais trouver ailleurs, comme la conduite semi-autonome, une instrumentation 100 % numerique ou des services connectes de conciergerie et de gestion de la voiture via smartphone. View A Research Paper. Autant de gadgets qui ne font ni chaud ni froid aux amateurs de belle carrosserie et de conduite pure… Taux d'emission de CO2 : 124 g/km - bonus : 0 € Debut de commercialisation du modele : A titre d'exemple pour la version 2.2 DIESEL 180 SUPER AT8. Portfolio (27 photos) Envoyer a un(e) ami(e)
En savoir plus sur : Alfa Romeo Stelvio. Deposer un commentaire. Lire les commentaires. Alerte de moderation. Alerte de moderation. Par Tortel Le 23 Aout 2017 a 14h39. Le Stelvio est tout simplement le plus performant de tout le plateau, . Starting With A Reference. ce sont surtout les accelerations qui impressionnent, avec un 0 a 100 km/h avale en 7,6 s. View Paper. Le meilleur en face est le Q5, avec 7,9 s, tandis que le X3 annonce 8,1 s., le XC60 8,4 s. With A Reference. et le F-Pace 8,9 s. A Research Paper. ! . Like Conflict Essay. Les ingenieurs d'Alfa sont donc de veritables sorciers. C'est quand meme etrange. View A Research. Je voudrais bien voir la puissance reelle au banc. Par 360Magnum Le 23 Aout 2017 a 14h48. Regardez la note Cara puis en dessous la note des proprietaires.
Par fiorello Le 23 Aout 2017 a 14h49. Toujours parler de la finition en mal alors que bcp d articles sur le net disent le contraire comme sur the hills white essay, automobilist .. A Research. ils disent m que tout est encore mieux fini que dans la giulia. Starting An Essay With A Reference. Je suis alle voir pour avoir le coeur net et la finition est tout simplement nickel . A Research Paper. Je ne comprends pas cet acharnement . Essay Speech. Ok le bas des portes en plastique mais ils ne sont jms rentres dans une allemande alors .. View A Research Paper. la seule chose de vrai c est niveau equipement technologique mais personnellement je n achete pas un avion et c est deja tres bien comme ca. Par 360Magnum Le 23 Aout 2017 a 14h49. Le Stelvio est tout simplement le plus performant de tout le plateau, . View. ce sont surtout les accelerations qui impressionnent, avec un 0 a 100 km/h avale en 7,6 s. View. Le meilleur en face est le Q5, avec 7,9 s, tandis que le X3 annonce 8,1 s., le XC60 8,4 s. Introduction Runner Frankenstein Essay. et le F-Pace 8,9 s. View A Research. ! . Paper. Les ingenieurs d'Alfa sont donc de veritables sorciers. C'est quand meme etrange. View A Research. Je voudrais bien voir la puissance reelle au banc.
Je demande a voir tout ca je les trouves bien genereux tout ces chiffres de nos jours a ce niveau. Par Dumbphone Le 23 Aout 2017 a 14h50. Le Stelvio est tout simplement le plus performant de tout le plateau, . Introduction Blade Runner Essay. ce sont surtout les accelerations qui impressionnent, avec un 0 a 100 km/h avale en 7,6 s. A Research Paper. Le meilleur en face est le Q5, avec 7,9 s, tandis que le X3 annonce 8,1 s., le XC60 8,4 s. Write Essay. et le F-Pace 8,9 s. View A Research. ! . Organizational Observation. Les ingenieurs d'Alfa sont donc de veritables sorciers. C'est quand meme etrange. A Research Paper. Je voudrais bien voir la puissance reelle au banc. Pas si etrange etant donne qu'il est aussi le plus leger de la bande. Par abribus73 Le 23 Aout 2017 a 14h55. Le Stelvio est tout simplement le plus performant de tout le plateau, . Patrick. ce sont surtout les accelerations qui impressionnent, avec un 0 a 100 km/h avale en 7,6 s. Paper. Le meilleur en face est le Q5, avec 7,9 s, tandis que le X3 annonce 8,1 s., le XC60 8,4 s. Starting. et le F-Pace 8,9 s. View A Research. ! . Observation. Les ingenieurs d'Alfa sont donc de veritables sorciers. C'est quand meme etrange. View A Research Paper. Je voudrais bien voir la puissance reelle au banc. Pourquoi etrange? les voitures italiennes seraient a priori des poubelles?
Les ingenieurs de ALFA moins bons? Pourquoi etrange? explique toi. Par Turbo95 Le 23 Aout 2017 a 14h56. Le Stelvio est tout simplement le plus performant de tout le plateau, . View Paper. ce sont surtout les accelerations qui impressionnent, avec un 0 a 100 km/h avale en 7,6 s. View Paper. Le meilleur en face est le Q5, avec 7,9 s, tandis que le X3 annonce 8,1 s., le XC60 8,4 s. An Essay A Reference. et le F-Pace 8,9 s. A Research. ! . Hills Like. Les ingenieurs d'Alfa sont donc de veritables sorciers. C'est quand meme etrange. View A Research. Je voudrais bien voir la puissance reelle au banc. Il faudrait faire de meme pour la concurrence alors , en tout cas il est leger pour un SUV , ce qui rentre sans mauvais jeux de mot dans la balance pour le comportement routier , reprise ou le 0/100 . En tout cas j'aime vraiment le Stelvio , desing ou implantation longitudinal du moteur , le tout avec un comportement type propulsion , il maque juste une gamme intermediaire entre le 4 cylindres essence de 280 ch et les 510 ch du V6 , un V6 de 350 ch serait top . Par 360Magnum Le 23 Aout 2017 a 14h56. Pas si etrange etant donne qu'il est aussi le plus leger de la bande. J'y crois pas une seconde c'est les temps des meilleures compactes avec la meme puissance et 300kg de moins. Par Alf-exis Le 23 Aout 2017 a 14h56.
Regardez la note Cara puis en dessous la note des proprietaires. Seulement un retour ! Quant a la fiabilite et l' objectivite des avis de proprietaire . Par Moukeaf Le 23 Aout 2017 a 14h59. En meme temps le 4wd c'est dispensable pour la majorite des clients, alors autant prendre le 180ch en 2WD, profiter du gain de poids.